Who invented the phonograph. Phonograph Facts for Kids 2019-01-06

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The Phonograph

who invented the phonograph

Bell Telephone Company Soon after establishing the Bell Telephone Company in 1877, Bell found himself in what would become an almost 20-year legal battle with other inventors who claimed they had invented the telephone before or around the same time as Bell, his most notable rival being Elisha Grey. Early phonographs had spring motors and had to be wound by hand to be played. The earliest preserved rubber disc recordings are children's records, featuring animal noises and nursery rhymes. When a handle is turned, the cylinder rotates and also moves very slowly along. Mass-production greatly reduced the cost of individual records, making it possible for the general public to buy them, meaning that millions of people now had the ability to hear some of the most popular singers of the day without having to travel to a major venue to see them in person.

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Alexander Graham Bell

who invented the phonograph

However it was able to bounce back in the 1940s. Modern reproductions of cylinder and disc recordings usually give the impression that the introduction of discs was a quantum leap in audio fidelity, but this is on modern playback equipment; played on equipment from around 1900, the cylinders do not have noticeably more rumble and poorer bass reproduction than the discs. Back in the 19th century, it caused fights and joy too—as it forever transformed the face of music. Great singers like were hired to record exclusively, helping put the idea in the public mind that that company's product was superior. Later molded hard-wax cylinders were sold in boxes with a cotton lining. After working with the two for some period of time in 1877, Edison had the idea to converge the two together and attempt to make a machine that records voice.

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History of the Phonograph

who invented the phonograph

Ever wondered who invented the Phonograph? He handed the design to John Kruesi his mechanic who created the machine. Around 1900, cylinders were, on average, indeed of notably higher audio quality than contemporary discs, but as disc makers improved their technology by 1910 the fidelity differences between better discs and cylinders became minimal. He settled on a thicker all-wax cylinder, the surface of which could be repeatedly shaved down for reuse. The movement of the cylinder and groove need to be very accurately aligned in order for the machine to work at all. With improvements in audio technology, phonographs that had evolved into gramophones took a backseat to never be as popular as they were in the late 1880s. The covered the release on Television on , on and on. By the late 1960's, almost all new phonographs and records were stereophonic.

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History of the Phonograph

who invented the phonograph

The internal horn models were called Amberolas. By recording sound as an undulating side-to-side groove on a flat disc, Berliner's invention established the basic design for the next 100 years of phonographic record players. Edouard-Leon Scott de Martinville, a French printer and bookseller from Paris, devised a phonautograph and patented it on March 25, 1857. Following seven years of research and experimentation at their , , and introduced wax as the recording medium and engraving, rather than indenting, as the recording method. Some cultural critics say our new world has liberated music, creating listeners with broader taste than ever before.

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Thomas Alva Edison patents the phonograph

who invented the phonograph

The needle mechanisms of such phonographs did not respond to low bass or high treble notes, so bass drums and violins could not be heard clearly. The wax cylinder now needs to be made as precise a shape as possible. At the age of seven his family moved to Michigan. When the record is played back, another stylus responds to the undulations, and its motions are then reconverted into sound. In the 1910s, the competing system triumphed in the marketplace to become the dominant commercial audio medium. What's more, each cylinder had to be individually recorded, making them too expensive for the general public to enjoy. Edison moved on to developing a practical incandescent electric light and the next improvements to sound recording technology were made by others.

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Phonograph

who invented the phonograph

The problem with the wax cylinders is that they readily support the growth of mildew which penetrates throughout the cylinder and, if serious enough, renders the recording unplayable. Although the phonograph idea is simple enough it was a triumph of engineering. Improvements on the Phonograph A year after getting the patent, the Edison Speaking Phonograph Company was established. The earliest phonograph used a tin foil to record the vibrations using a rotating cylinder and a hand crank. This time, important modifications were made. While it was a huge hit, the popularity of the radio affected its sales. In reality, neither critic was right.

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Essay about Invention of the Phonograph

who invented the phonograph

A piece of tin-foil was wrapped around the cylinder in the middle. Even he seems to have intuited the power of that invention. That changed in 1877 when Thomas Edison unveiled his phonograph. A needle on the other side could play back what you had just recorded. That same year, the Lambert Company of Chicago began selling cylinder records made of the material. The governor controls the spin of the turntable which rotates on a horizontal plane as in disc records or in a clockwise motion of the spindle as in cylinder phonographs.

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Alexander Graham Bell

who invented the phonograph

People lost interest in buying records. The needle is attached to a diaphragm and a horn which amplifies the 'squiggles' as the needle is moved by the groove, the sound can then be heard. The loosely mounted stylus allowed for better conversion of sound. This song was released on in 1996 and re-released on the 2002 compilation. A typical Lambert cylinder will have shrunk by approximately 3 mm in length in the 100 years or so since its manufacture the actual amount is very dependent on storage conditions.

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How the Phonograph Changed Music Forever

who invented the phonograph

Previous to the phonograph's invention no one would have dared to believe a dead person's speech could come back to life! As someone spoke into the mouthpiece, the cylinder was rotated. A spiral groove with sound information was etched into the flat record. In fact, the phonograph was his favorite invention. In 1886, one of these men was a man by the name of Charles Sumner Tainter of the Alexander Graham Bell Company. The audio fidelity of a sound groove is debatably better if it is engraved on a cylinder due to better linear tracking. In the earliest stages of phonograph manufacturing various competing incompatible types of cylinder recordings were made. Nine years later a phonograph parlor was opened.

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Alexander Graham Bell

who invented the phonograph

Lambert was able to license the process because the patent was not owned by the now defunct Lambert Company, but by Lambert himself. The United States had a small, weak, economy, until the mid-1800s when inventions and innovations united and strengthened the economy… 1299 Words 6 Pages Have you ever wondered who invented the light bulb? Edison did not work on developing a phonograph but it was invented while he was working on a telegraph machine. As time went on, competitors began to use circular discs instead of cylinders, they provided more playback time, however the sound quality was not as good, it was a give take situation. Each cylinder could record 1200-1500 words. While not the best student, Bell had an uncanny talent for problem solving. This is a difficult thing to do and requires precision engineering! The earliest cylinder boxes have a plain brown paper exterior, sometimes rubber-stamped with the company name. In the mid-1920's, manufacturers began to produce phonographs with electric motors and amplifiers that made them easier to play and greatly improved their sound quality.

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