But this issue need not be treated as a one-way traffic. To sum up, to Marx the state was an apparatus of class rule and to Weber it was not so but an apparatus for general administration. Religious fundamentalism, terrorism or terrorist activities, anti-state agitation etc. Whereas the state has no ability to come out of this situation. The nation state may be one of the biggest influences in our modern world, but we don't often stop to think about it.
We can say the state must recognise its obligation to the citizens in respect of the rights. Sittlichkeit, ethical life, is defined by Hegel as the identification of the individual with the totality of his social life. The nation state is a system of organization in which people with a common identity live inside a country with firm borders and a single government. There are different kinds of government in different states such as monarchy, democracy and dictatorship. Though many scholars differ in this respect, the fact is that the decision-making power of the nation-states is drastically curbed. In all the situations noted above there is the issue of the involvement of state. Today what we call modern, after few decades or a century the term modern may be obsolete.
Although he did not specially mention the word element we do it for the sake of clarity of discussion. When that policy failed, imperialism replaced it -- for the powerful states -- as the means to the end of self-sufficiency. But the modern state is not always allowed to work freely. Whatever the social choice the state adopts that will create controversy and, later on, problems. The treaty formulated the doctrine of sovereignty, which declared a state's domestic conduct and institutions to be beyond the reach of other states. The System der Sittlichkeit tries to delineate the context within which a philosophy of social relationships can be justified.
The emergence of property is seen by Hegel as another attempt by man to appropriate nature to himself, but this time on a higher level, No longer is the natural object appropriated in order to be negated and destroyed; on the contrary, now it is being preserved. According to international law, all states are equal in status and right, no matter how unequal they are in population and area. Whatever the exact cause, many existing governments reorganized to consolidate their people in terms of borders and shared identity as new ideas and technologies circulated. Problems Relating to Functions of State : The concept of the functions of state is perhaps the most explosive theory that has evoked maximum interest and fuelled a lot of controversy. The nation state, by contrast, has a definite border where its power ends. Social labour necessarily entails alienation: Man thus satisfies his needs, but not through the object which is being worked upon by him; by satisfying his needs, it becomes something else. Social contract theorists saw it as created by a group of people who assembled to sacrifice some rights, in order to safeguard others.
A2A Joel's answer is excellent. In many cases they were not achieved at all; in others they were achieved temporarily until those disadvantaged by them succeeded in revolting. State in International Society : The international society, we know, consists of sovereign states and in that society all states, big and small, enjoy almost equal legal status. Man has a right to take into possession is union as lie can as an individual. The state-intervention is criticised by the libertarians on the ground that it will jeopardies human freedom. The United States cannot enforce its laws in Canada.
In modern times, the citizens are bound together by residence on a common territory. Hegel's description of the conditions of life of these classes sinking into poverty is truly amazing when one reflects that Hegel reaches his conclusions through an immanent development of the consequences of the theories of political economy: Whole branches of industry which supported a large class of people suddenly fold up because of a change in fashion or because the value of their products fell due to new inventions in other countries. Some scholars think that we are developing new ways to interact and identify as a result of social media, the Internet, and international business. Apparently this tendency is innocuous, but it poses problems for the modern state. What Hegel sets out to do is to describe the series of mediation; necessary for individual consciousness to find itself in this totality. The nation state is held together by its physical boundaries, its government, and the fact that the people believe they are connected to each other.
Imperialism failed by the middle of the twentieth century, not only because the subjugated peoples rejected it, but because a democratic moral sensibility came to affect the subjugators. In this emasculation Abstumpfung of mechanical labour there directly lies the possibility of separating oneself completely from it: because labour is wholly quantitative, without variety. During the deliberatio … ns Godzilla and Mothra became enraged with one another and proceeded to attempt the totall anihilation of the other. Production thus becomes abstract and the division of labour appears related to the needs of production and not to the needs of the producers. Though the System der Sittlichkeit and the Realphilosophie differ on a number of issues, they will be treated jointly here.
Institutions comprising a modern state can also be regarded as an element. The idea that people of a nation are connected to each other is called nationalism. The modern tendency is in favour of large states. In the machine man abolishes his own formal activity and makes it work for him. In his Essay on the Modern State, Christopher W. Specialist training is badly needed, for state administration is imparted on the recruited persons to make them efficient for state administration. But for this venture huge amount of investment, improved technology, etc.