Gender context An overwhelming majority of people accused and convicted of witchcraft were women about 78%. In fact, historian Chadwick Hansen argues that many of the symptoms the girls had are nearly identical to a clinical definition of hysteria. Another theory that attempts to explain the paranoia is the theory that witchcraft was being practiced in the community. But researchers had never been able to find real evidence to support these theories. Nicholas Spanos wrote arguing that Caporael's theory was bunk he's been joined by other scholars, like.
A variety of secondary sources, starting with in the 19th century, typically relate that a circle of the girls, with Tituba's help, tried their hands at fortune telling. Fitting the pattern, scholars argue that cold weather may have spurred the infamous Salem witch trials in 1692. However, it was not until 1957—more than 250 years later—that Massachusetts formally apologized for the events of 1692. We may never know for sure what were the exact causes of the events in Salem Village in 1692. Salem Witch Trials: Impact Of The Native American Wars Getty Images Protected by a smoke screen caused by burning dry grasses, this wagon proceeded towards a garrison house and in ramming it, the Native Americans tried to ignite the wooden forts. Everything that can be done to eliminate the terrible acts performed by the witches who haunt the darkest pit of society must be done. His fellow clergymen often opposed his witchcraft trials, and accusations.
As several of those accused later recounted, we were blindfolded, and our hands were laid upon the afflicted persons, they being in their fits and falling into their fits at our coming into their presence, as they said. . This would be an ideal explanation for their convulsions. Men and women wear wigs, which are very expensive—some wigs cost as much as a house! Caporael wondered if the same conditions might have been present in Salem. The terrified villagers started pointing the finger of blame, first at an old slave named Tituba, who belonged to Reverend Parris, then to old women like Sarah Good and Sarah Osborn. The Putnam family controlled most of the farmland in Salem Village and played a large part in his ministerial contract. Several others, including Elizabeth Bassett Proctor and Abigail Faulkner, were convicted but given temporary reprieves because they were pregnant.
The girls began to claim they were being afflicted by witches and started making accusations. Those who have studied the subject of the Salem Witch Trials have very few disagreements on these events. Selected Letters of Cotton Mather. If one mole or blemish is found on the body, she is a witch! Five more people were hanged that July; five in August and eight more in September. Trials ensued and, when the episode concluded in May 1693, fourteen women, five men, and two dogs had been executed for their supposed supernatural crimes. About 50 people were directly or indirectly accused by the members of the Putnam family which strictly followed the Puritan beliefs and customs, and strongly supported Reverend Samuel Parris, the initiator of the witch hunt.
The Social or Social Accusations Theory: Witch accusers acted on a psychological need to blame others for their own personal problems. Hale did not mention Tituba as having any part of it, nor did he identify when the incident took place. More than 200 people were accused of practicing witchcraft—the Devil's magic—and 20 were executed. The Puritan church was beginning to feel as if it were losing control over its parishioners. Even with historical precedent, there's only so much we'll ever know about ergotism, especially in Salem. Their bodies were set in unmarked graves. Out of about one hundred accused, about fifty confessed to and fifty denied practicing witchcraft.
Medical theories about the reported afflictions Main article: The cause of the symptoms of those who claimed affliction continues to be a subject of interest. Good behavior means keeping watch on your neighbors to see whether or not they were witches or whether they were worshiping the Devil and going against God. The townsfolk are believed to have been suffering from a strange psychological condition known as Mass Hysteria Wolchover. Cooper Square Press, New York. This does not apply to the poorer people they accused though, so it is less likely that is the case.
The witch will cry out in pain when the dog eats the cake. So, the Putnams may have been using the girls accuse people related to the Porters of witchcraft. Ten Theories about the Causes of the Witch Hunts : a family deals with accusations. Disputes, Rivalries and Personal Differences Many of those who were accused of witchcraft had unsettled accounts with their accusers or were seen as a threat to the Puritan values. Some of the girls, under this heavy questioning, might actually have come to believe they were bewitched, while others knowingly lied to please the adults and found themselves trapped in their own lies. Linda thinks that the conditions of the girls may have been caused by a fungus called Ergot. One theory suggests that to get back at the Porters, the Putnams had their girls accuse people in the community allied with the Porters of being witches.
Finally, when one of the girls gave in and named a witch, they all saw what kind of power it gave them in the community and how it would allow them to strike out at people they didn't like. People at the Center of: The Salem Witch Trials. Convulsive ergot poisoning most often affects small children, but the Salem Village had hundreds of residents. Black magic allows the user to hurt and sicken people through occult forces. Perhaps if people had understood why the girls acted in such a way, the trials would never have begun, but the only thing the people of that time had to blame for misfortune was witchcraft due to their overshadowing fear of the devil. But Caporael and later supporting scholars, like , present a compelling case that a fungus was among the people of Salem. Witch Hunt All three women were brought before the local magistrates and interrogated for several days, starting on March 1, 1692.
The Spectrum: A Scholars Day Journal. The correlation may not be surprising, Oster argued, in light of textual evidence from the period: popes and scholars alike clearly believed witches were capable of controlling the weather, and therefore, crippling food production. Rebecca Nurse was hanged on Gallows hill on September 22 nd. Scroll through to learn more about this theory! Childhood is viewed as a period in life that should pass as soon as possible. The book was also written to inform magistrates on how to identify and deal with a witch. Santa Barbara, was told to choose a subject for a term paper in her American History course.