Recognize and examine the impact of voice, persona, and the choice of narrator on a work of literature. First he explains why it was considered an old land mark to his family. The grandmother's journey was a journey of the mind. Before the dance could begin, white soldiers came to disperse the tribe, since Indian religions were seen as dangerous. His descriptions were so vivid and strong: I could actually she all of the different weathers. Momaday describes the curiosity of the wilderness throughout the landscape.
While Momaday seems to have always known about his ancestry, the death of his grandmother prompts a deeper and more personal exploration of his family background. In this way, the novel confronts the transcendental issues of death anxiety and the issue of human suffering and tragedy. The tension between these perspectives offers readers a means of understanding Kiowa culture as a living entity that changes depending on one's point of view. Graded Assignments Lesson Assignment Scored by 1 The Way to Rainy Mountain Journal Part 1 Teacher 5 The Way to Rainy Mountain Journal Part 2 Teacher 10 Unit Test Computer 10 Unit Test Teacher Lesson 1: The Way to Rainy Mountain Session 1 As preparation for reading The Way to Rainy Mountain, you will review memoir as a literary form, learn about the author N. The alliteration creates a playful contrast between what the words mean and how they sound. Families within the tribe took care of one another and they had great morale.
Students might write a new textbook on Oklahoma history for others and publish it on the Internet. A discussion of approaches for The Way to Rainy Mountain by Kenneth M. Suggestions for applying other theories to The Way to Rainy Mountain From a reader-response perspective, The Way to Rainy Mountain invites many possible literary transactions. The stories explain the world as the Kiowa saw it. Instead of being concerned with the literal formation of the tribe a deeper origin than Momaday considers, perhaps because that history is unknown , he focuses on the Kiowa transformation into the great people he believes it was their nature to become. Their creation myth is that the tribe came from the hollow log of a felled tree. His grandmother attended the last sun dance the Kiowa tribe had in 1887.
Through the process of mentally balancing the traditional tribal stories with Momaday's comments on contemporary tribal life and observers' impressions, the reader is able to appreciate the fluctuating, lived experience of Kiowa culture. Their personal history maintains that the tribe came into being by entering the world through a hollow log. From The Way to Rainy Mountain A single knoll rises out of the plain in Oklahoma, north and west of the Wichita Range. Tai-me is said to be a sort of savior figure for the Kiowa. Great green and yellow grasshoppers are everywhere in the tall grass, popping up like corn to sting the flesh, and tortoises crawl about on the red earth, going nowhere in the plenty of time.
Rainy Mountain, which is a symbol of home for the Kiowas, is described as being integrated into a complex and dynamic landscape. In this story, the landscape acts on people, people act on the landscape, and people transform into an animal a bear and a natural feature stars. For the latter purposes, the writer includes the fact that his grandmother later in her life converted to Christianity, but he never detected any difference in her behavior, meaning that Christianity was compatible with her cultural history, at least for her. My grandmother had died in the spring, and I wanted to be at her grave. The Kiowa tribe were fond of the Tai me. Native American Civil Rights Movement Begun in the late 1960s to address issues of racism, poverty, unemployment, and government oppression, the Native American civil rights movement sought to encourage greater self-determination and international recognition of Native American treaty rights.
The movement outraged white settlers and the government, who feared the Ghost Dance would provoke a pan-Indian uprising. Winter brings blizzards, hot tornadic winds arise in the spring, and in summer the prairie is an anvil's edge. She saw Sun Dances, and she saw Sun Dance culture forcibly stopped; she saw the buffalo disappear, and her religion shifted from worshipping Tai-me to Christianity. After students have read the entire book, teachers can assign each student one segment of the book on which to focus. This is another example of Momaday withholding his judgment of white influence.
Mammedaty then became the family surname, which N. Throughout the book, Momaday takes seriously the subservient position of Kiowa women. Use the space below to take notes as you are reading. We are attempting to measure with some degree of accuracy the strength and mixture of traditional matters of expression p. With the encouragement of his graduate school advisor, Momaday took that manuscript and added his personal memories and poems to create the brilliant, experimental juxtapositions of The Way to Rainy Mountain.
The movement, which broke down long-held cultural stereotypes, not only changed the way the larger culture began to view Native Americans, but resulted in a number of important legislative changes as well. When Momaday's grandmother died last July, he returned to these lands. What is the role of ancestry and cultural heritage in Rainy Mountain? This exposed Momaday to the traditions of his Kiowa ancestry, as well as the traditions of other tribes, such as the Apache, Pueblo, and Navajo. Scott Momaday, and explore the historical background of the Kiowa tribe. His most significant memories of Aho—who represents the history and culture of the Kiowas—are of her praying. In The Way to Rainy Mountain, Momaday traces his ancestral roots back to the beginning of the Kiowa tribe. Reading Notes Read the Prologue and Introduction of The Way to Rainy Mountain.
This is the true Kiowa origin story as Momaday sees it. Momaday was also an influence on the contemporary generation of American Indian writers, the most famous of whom is Sherman Alexie, author of , , and. He remembers her standing at the wooden stove cooking the meat or sitting at the south window, bent above her bead work. Momaday stands and looks out across the landscape and relates to you how he feels. Momaday explains some basic Kiowa history, describing their immigration from Montana to Oklahoma hundreds of years earlier. Intended to herald a new age in which whites would disappear and Native Americans would be reunited with their lost loved ones to live in peace and material abundance, the Ghost Dance caught on quickly; by 1890, most Western tribes were performing its ecstatic songs and dances.
The way to rainy mountain was a long and hard one for the Kiowa people. When the Kiowa were facing difficult times Tai-me came to the tribe and led them to a better life. Analyze the relationship between a literary work and its historical period and cultural influences. In the story, a young man journeys to the grave of his grandmother along the same route that her people, the Kiowas, took across America before settling on the southern Plains. Discuss the importance of the buffalo to the Native American way of life. Well, I should say first and foremost that The Way to Rainy Mountain is based on a literal journey where N.