So we have the paradox of the author apparently denouncing injustice while also exalting acceptance of the sorrows visited on humanity, whether those sorrows are wrought by nature or by humans themselves. You will complete the provided comprehension questions while you listen. Help your students understand the symbolism and events in this chapter by reviewing the questions below, either as a discussion or as a written assignment. How does this contradict their real purposes? What was the result of the treatment? To what extent is Kino responsible for his own demise? Describe in detail Kino and Juana's simple life before and after the discovery of the pearl. How did he select the area where he would dive for oysters? Juana did not directly pray for the baby but it was a variation of that.
What types of values are operative in such a statement? Why didn't everyone dive in this area? Although these novels dealt with white protagonists, Steinbeck turned to the plight of Mexicans for The Pearl based on the 1942 and 1943 Race Riots in Los Angeles. The dealers were help, acting like they were trying to help Kino, and buy the pearl to Kino's benefit as their public attitude. I support Juana's decision because she showed her sympathy and determination to help Coyotito by going to the doctor in chapter one. However, Steinbeck uses the parable as a meditation on the American dream of success. Casy is martyred as he takes a stand for farmers who have lost their land to drought and are brutally exploited as migrant laborers. Why can neither Kino nor Juana protect their baby from the scorpion? Instead, Steinbeck focused on screenplays written originally for the screen for his subsequent works. Chapter 2 Questions As the students read chapter two of The Pearl, there are many events and meanings that are important to the story.
We first meet him in the dimness before dawn, listening to the sounds of his wife, Juana, at her chores, which merge in his mind with the ancestral Song of the Family. This way they would gain more out of the deal than Kino would. The Pearl derives much of its force from the descriptions of the impoverished lifestyle of the Mexicans of La Paz, the location of the story. As the remnants of the Joad family seek refuge in a barn at the close of The Grapes of Wrath, Ma's daughter Rose of Sharon nurses a starving stranger with milk meant for her dead baby. . His disciple Tom Joad, who served time for killing a man in a bar fight, ultimately kills another man he believes responsible for Casy's death.
What do you think he did right? Steinbeck's most controversial work, The Grapes of Wrath, raises similar questions. Why does Juana feel the events following the pearl's discovery may all have been an illusion? At every turn, Steinbeck provides clues as to what will happen in the narrative, although sometimes his clues are obscure. Sample The Pearl Chapter 1 Comprehension and Audiobook You have access to and the entire audio book. One important element of The Pearl is the contrast between fate and human agency, between the destiny that is made for us and the destiny that we make ourselves. He has been characterized variously as an advocate of socialist-style solutions to the depredations of capitalism, a champion of individualism, a dabbler in sociobiology, and a naturalist. What other choices might he have made? All three books examine the morality and necessity of actions the characters choose as they pursue their dreams. The terror of the consequences of infirmity and old age in an unresponsive world is underscored when a laborer's old dog is shot.
But in this epic novel, as well as in Of Mice and Men and The Pearl, Steinbeck seems to question whether the mysteries of human existence can ever be fully explained. Lennie has a massive body and limited intelligence, and his unpredictable behavior casts George as his protector. The plight of the impoverished is a consistent theme in Steinbeck's work, including The Grapes of Wrath and. While evidence for different political and philosophical stances may be culled from Steinbeck's writings, a reader who stops at this point misses some of the most interesting aspects of his work, including his use of paradox. Why is the canoe important to his family heritage? Did Kino do the right thing in demanding a fair price for the pearl, even if it meant leaving his community? From the questions his characters pose about what it means to be fully human, Steinbeck may be understood to charge literature with serving not only as a call to action, but as an expression and acceptance of paradox in our world.
When Kino dives there, what does he find? How does the canoe represent the value of passing down beliefs and traditions from father to son? Save the document to your flash drive. How are these values consistent with their lives? A symbol can change its meaning during the course of a novel. The poor fisherman Kino in The Pearldreams of education for his son and salvation for his people. He had completed , for which he won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction and was renowned and reviled as a subversive, unpatriotic man who threatened the national interest through the socialist themes of his novels. Kino believes that it would be better to kill a person than to kill a canoe because a canoe has no relatives to revenge it. The exploration of literature and text analysis we have shared has prepared you to read and analyze text on your own. Encourage students to make associations between multiple events and thoughts by discussing the following questions.
Think about learning experiences we have had in the classroom. Explain how the pearl can also be a force for evil. Whereas the women in The Grapes of Wrath and The Pearl suggest hope even in the bleakest of circumstances, Curley's wife leaves only shattered dreams in her wake. How does this relate to our culture? What significance may this have in Juana and Kino's mind? What meaning may this have? At the same time, Kino is in large part to blame for his misfortunes. Story Events Questions The events of chapter two set the stage for many future events in the story. Why could Kino kill the doctor more easily than talk to him? How does the priest function as a travesty of religion? How does the pearl change its meaning during the course of this novel? In chapter two, Juana showed her overall goal was to help Coyotito by wanting the pearl to save him.
The students can discuss the questions in order to help them better understand the relevance of events. The novel is peopled with outcasts —a black man, a cripple, a lonely woman. What is the function of the many songs that Kino hears during the course of the novel? By the time that Steinbeck wrote The Pearl, he had gained an interest in writing screenplays, and thus wrote the novel in a form suitable for easy adaptation to film. What is gained by Steinbeck's not identifying them? Why does Kino think the killing of a man is not as evil as the killing of a boat? Discuss how the pearl can be a force for good. This view of Steinbeck was inconsistent with his soft-spoken nature, but by 1944, when Steinbeck began to write The Pearl, Steinbeck had come to reconcile this aspect of his fame. Why does Kino come to feel that he will lose his soul if he gives up the pearl? The story contains several similar plot points, including the rapacious dealers and the attacks on the boy to find the pearl, that would recur in the story's final form. His headstrong insistence on profit at all cost and his refusal to heed the warnings of his brother and his wife demonstrate his stubbornness and heedlessness; his excessive dependence on violence betrays a possible recklessness and poor judgment.
How can great wealth be used for good or evil? How does this support the belief system of the village people? How would you have reacted if you found that oyster? Why does Steinbeck choose the parable as the form for this story? Do you think this impacted Kino's decision to dive there? The ending appears to be at odds with Steinbeck's explicit exhortations for social change in the other two novels. There is great superstition surrounded by how the oyster and pearl are handled. Click on each for a review of what they mean. In these works that span the grim decade from 1937 to 1947, Steinbeck urges the dispossessed to challenge a system that denies them both sustenance and dignity, and to seek the spiritual belonging that enables individuals to achieve their full humanity. Why does Tomás help Kino? To those few who are sensitive to the current of greed surrounding the pearl, however, the pearl is a powerful symbol of evil and ill fortune. GradeSaver, 7 August 2000 Web.
Is Lennie's similar death at the hands of his protector, with his dream before his eyes, preferable to what the future holds for him? How may they interpret the timing of the healing? Near the end of Chapter 3, Juana even suggests that the pearl will destroy their son, as it ultimately does. The story has a simple plot structure and an economy of characters, but unlike The Grapes of Wrath, Of Mice and Men, and , Steinbeck did not adapt The Pearl. As the dream turns dark, Kino descends into violence, bringing death to four men and ultimately to his own son. The odds weigh heavily against his success, and it must be granted that, to some extent, society does conspire toward his downfall. However, the boy in the original form of the story wished to use the pearl to buy clothing, alcohol and sex. Juana prayed that they might find a pearl which would supply the money they needed to hire the doctor to cure Coyotito.