After his 1953 restoration to power, the Shah had maintained martial law until 1957. By 1941 Reza Shah had died and his son Mohammed Reza Shah came to power 1941-1979 except for usurpation by Dr. If only all countries had a historian of this calibre. I read this book primarily because I wanted to understand what everyday, common folk Muslim Iranians are like, separated from the extremist stereotypes often depicted in the media which, while they do represent a real subsection of the world population, certainly do not represent all Muslims everywhere. The book alternates between two threads. دور المنطق و الفلسفة فى تكوين تلك العقلية.
One the one hand, Mottahedeh tellls the fictional story of a mullah named Ali, who comes from a prominent sayyed family in Qom, and his journey through the Islamic learning system from Qom to Najaf and to Having spent the last year living in Iran and studying Iranian Studies at the University of Tehran, the book provides a distinctive view of Iran, predominantly during the time between the two revolutions, but there's also extensive discussion on important figures such as Avicenna, Jalale Ahmad. The Mantle of the Prophet: Religion and Politics in Iran Author: Roy Mottahedeh Publisher: Pantheon Books, New York, 1985 Review by: Lauran Walker The Mantle of the Prophet, by Roy Mottahedeh, attempts to raise from the dust a gentler time in Iran, a time of individualism and a time of poetry. The book is handsomely executed and eminently readable because of the author's novel approach of combining a fiction style with serious analysis. It introduces the reader to the complexities of the Shiite intellectual inheritance; outlines the economic and constitutional changes made to create a modernized state; and describes the life, thoughts, and training of a modern mulla. In the end I just can't recommend this book. The philosophies and religious and political viewpoints of these men are discussed in exhausting, yet fascinating, detail.
In the course of narrating the Mullah's biography up to its main turning point, the author progresses through a series of topical histories encompassing life and culture in Iran. Written with feeling, sympathy and clarity, Professor Mottahedeh's compelling and highly readable account offers a unique insight into one of the most significant players on the contemporary world stage. And, 'mullah', had become a legal classification. The geographic progress of the language was now from a new direction, from Bukhara to Tabriz, and from Ghazni to Shiraz. The history of the Sasanians is then continued in the manner of traditional chronicles until an evil day, a Satanic or Ahrimanic moment, when the last king of the dynasty is betrayed and, while on the run from the Arab armies, killed by a miller. As it was, though, this was a text for a course I recently completed on analysis. Just as one consciously decides not to turn his head and look, to identify which animal has splashed water upon him, so too can one choose not to concern himself with the lifestyles of his neighbour.
These discussions helped to illuminate the complex entity of Iran, and paints a fuller portrait of the society and how it drifted towards the brink of revolution than a work that only dealt with political-economy or political history. الکتاب منبع هائل للأفكار و المشروعات. Along the way though, he goes off on long discursive digressions about: the Persian language; Zoroastrianism; the rise of Islam; the splintering off of Shia Islam; Sufism; Baha'i; poetry; the philosophy of Avicenna; the educational system; the oil industry; the influence of Russia, Britain, and finally America on Iran's development; enthusiams engendered by the Algerian revolution and Nasser's pan-Arabism; etc. The book is bracketed by the events of the Iranian Revolution and was published around the time that the revolution occurred. . Through his formative years, Ali shares his anger, elation, doubts, and despair and faith. To this day, Shias can feel as spiritually violated by cruel or despotic rule as a Christian who hears the Bible insulted or sees the Eucharistic host profaned.
This book took form after Mottahedeh's personal experience with a professor from the University of Tehran and with the impending Iranian revolution at hand. Shi'ism has always had revolutionary potential, but the Kerbala paradigm also inspired what one might call a religiously motivated secularism. A professor at Harvard, Mottahedeh has written an intellectual history as stirring and graceful as any novel. It is extremely well-researched, well-written and as a Persian friend of mine who perused the book stated, 'it has the most respected' of Persian sources, such as Ali Matin-Daftari and Dr. A part of Iran which is most often overshadowed by religion and politics of today's world. The chapters have no titles, and there is no table of contents. Most titles, such as jurisconsult, prince and even mullah, were adopted by self-appointment, or given as a token of respect or affection to one another, qualifying factors being unnecessary.
When it dealt with the common people, it only really dealt with it in terms of Ali in his highly intellectual community. The decision was reversed as informally as it was first judged. فالنصّ غير مُتماسك ومهلهل في كثير من المواضع، كما أنه لم يجر تحريره بشكل احترافي، فهو من أعمال الهواة. Thus, this book's inclusion in the course work. Tells the history mostly from the point of view of those in the religious establishment. All of the Sunni revolutionary movements like Al Qaida and the Islamic state are led by non-religious leaders, and I think that is why they remain on the fringe.
الکتاب منبع هائل للأفكار و المشروعات. And I was certainly invested in learning the differences between Sunni and Shiah Islam, but I think I need to read a different book that addresses this in greater and clearer depth. While these historical readings do relate back to the principal characters in the book, the separate parts do have very different writing tones. As a Zoroastrian, I am sure that he is deeply affected by this regression of Persian culture. On fourteen depositions by fourteen mullahs, he made a ruling with regard to a property dispute, without giving consideration to other evidence, or giving due process to the second party.
The true story of a young mullah, his life in the sacred shrine city of Qom, and the dramatic events of the 1979 Revolution, this enthralling account paints a vivid picture of contemporary Iran, while providing a panoramic survey of Muslim, Shi'ite and Persian culture from the Middle Ages to the current day. Meanwhile, passages describing to the small glories and fatal hazards of everyday existence provide the reader with a sense of what it feels like to be there. The book focuses on individuals which gives the work a micro feel to it. أفضل ما قرأت فى حقل الدراسات الإيرانية. Copyright 2008 Turkey will launch a new anti-smoking campaign in the coming months after an increase in the number of smokers has been observed, the health minister has said, vowing a struggle with the tobacco industry through new regulations to stipulate closed and special chambers for smokers in cafes and restaurants. Mottahedeh, with great fairness, presents the Shah as a genuine reformer, if too brutal a one and one who made some serious missteps--especially in not consulting sufficiently with a population whose Shi'a beliefs emphasize such consultations and in not recognizing the central place of Shi'a in Iranian life generally. Truman rejected and called for the British to split profits more equitably, but Eisenhower fearing communist intervention appears to have sanctioned the 1953 coupe that displaced Mossadegh and reinstalled the Shah and reaffirmed him as the leader of Iran.