We do know that Seleucus managed to defeat Antigonus in at least one decisive battle. Later, Seleucus named a number of cities after his parents. The capture of Demetrius in 285 B. Antiochus founded the cult of his father. Some of these texts later found their way to Europe seats of learning via , for example, so much so that as various schools of thought developed and led to the Enlightenment, they drew on numerous cultures, including some whose identity has been obscured.
Chandragupta's life and accomplishments are described in ancient Hindu, Buddhist and Greek texts, but they vary significantly in details from the Jaina accounts. The satraps in Susa had apparently accepted Eumenes' claims of his fighting on behalf of the lawful ruling family against the usurper Antigonus. The Mauryan Empire, which he founded from next to nothing, became one of the largest empires in the world at the time. This conquest marked the beginning of the Seleucid era, which is dated Dios 1 October 7 , 312, in the Macedonian calendar and Nisan 1 April 3 , 311, in the Babylonian calendar. Stratonice of Syria was only 17 when she married Seleucus the old king.
In the winter of 302 Seleucus was back in Asia Minor and, together with Cassander and Lysimachus, defeated Antigonus in the Battle of Ipsus 301. At the zenith of his reign, Chandragupta is said to have ruled over most of the Indian sub-continent. According to Appian, Seleucus was poisoned by some of his courtiers because he was sickly and unpopular with the army Syriaca 66; cf. Antigonus' army had at least 80,000 soldiers. He also encouraged scientific research: Patrocles explored the Caspian Sea and Megasthenes the Ganges River. His ashes were brought back to Syria, where he was buried in Seleucia in Pieria in a sanctuary called the Nicatoreum.
Antigonus' troops slept without their equipment. According to one of them, he had in a dream seen Alexander standing beside him. He was assassinated by during the same year. It seems that the scale of Nicanor's defeat was not clear to all parties. Also, of Sicily declared himself king around the same time. Seleucus is mentioned three times in ancient sources before the death of Alexander. The victors divided the lands of their enemy among them, with Seleucus being given Syria.
Mehl, Seleukos Nikator und sein Reich, Studia Hellenistica 28, Louvain, 1986. War soon broke out between Perdiccas and the other. But almost immediately, the wars between the Diadochi resumed and Antigonus forced Seleucus to flee Babylon. Lysimachus executed his son , whose wife escaped to Babylon to Seleucus. . Stratonice married her stepson Antiochus. He was, however, afraid of Antigonus and fled to Egypt with 50 horsemen.
In order to enlarge his army, Seleucus tried to attract colonists from mainland Greece by founding four new cities— and on the coast and and in the valley. Will, Histoire politique du monde hellénistique 323-30 av. Evangoras fell in the beginning of the battle and Nicanor was cut off from his forces. He also had problems with his family. Evagoras, the satrap of , was allied with him.
Appian Syriaca 57 lists sixteen cities named Antiocheia after his father, five Laodikeia after his mother, three Apameia after his Iranian wife, one Stratonikeia after his second wife, and nine Seleukeia after himself, but some of these cities may actually have been founded by Antiochus I. The validity of the story is dubious. Seleukos Nikator: Constructing a Hellenistic Kingdom. Some of these exploits were performed before the death of Antigonus and some afterward. After the conclusion of a truce with Hierax c. In addition to this matrimonial recognition or alliance, Seleucus dispatched an ambassador, , to the Mauryan court at Modern in. She remained his wife for the rest of her life.
C , Studia Hellenistica 53, Leuven, 2014, pp. His kingdom would be one of the last holdouts of Alexander's former empire to Roman rule. The news about the death of Evagoras spread among the soldiers, who started to surrender en masse. At the great marriages ceremony at Susa in spring 324 B. Antigonus had devastated their lands while fighting Eumenes. Modern scholars are skeptical of the prophesy story.