President Theodore Roosevelt was a government arbitrationboard, the president of the United Union of Mineworkers reformistD. Mitchell considered that de facto recognition and called it a victory. Nugent, Progressivism: A Very Short Introduction 2010 p. Theodore Roosevelt : Political Cartoons : Coal Strike On October 3, 1902 President Theodore Roosevelt met with miners and coal field operators in an attempt to settle the anthracite coal strike, then in its fifth month. The saw it as support for union recognition, something they opposed. Roosevelt made remarkable use of his executive power during the anthracite coal strike of 1902.
Letter, Roosevelt to Marcus A. A great strike in the anthracite coal fields of Pennsylvania threatened a coal famine. Will you read it over and then at cabinet we can discuss whether it shall be made public. Relying on to convey his message to the industry that a strike would hurt the reelection of Republican , Hanna convinced the owners to concede a wage increase and grievance procedure to the strikers. President Roosevelt's efforts to end the dispute met with public approval--especially important in an election year. The 1899 strike in , Pennsylvania, demonstrated that the unions could win a strike directed against a subsidiary of one of the large railroads.
Daily News from Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania. Although this was an oft-made proposal, Root added a face-saving wrinkle. A number of small strikes took place in the district from 1899 to 1901, by which the gained experience and unionized more workers. At the urging of Secretary of War , Morgan came up with another compromise proposal that provided for arbitration, while giving the industry the right to deny that it was bargaining with the union by directing that each employer and its employees communicate directly with the commission. Organized labor; its problems, purposes, and ideals and the present and future of American wage earners. The settlement was an important step in the reforms of the decade that followed. Roosevelt was pleased with how the strike was successfully mediated through the intervention of the federal government.
. The latter reluctantly agreed and sold at a loss his stock in coal railroads to avoid a conflict of interest. Ultimately, the miners won a ten percent increase in pay with a concomitant reduction in the number of hours worked each day. In the alternative, Mitchell proposed that a committee of clergymen produce a report on conditions in the coalfields. The mine owners also charged high prices at the company stores that were deducted from the miner's wages. O'Keefe, June 19, 1902; Wright to Rev. Roosevelt tried to solve this problem.
In the 19th century, presidents, if they acted at all, tended to side with employers. Restless miners demanded more pay and shorter hours, while the mine operators complained that profits were low, and that the union destroyed discipline. The union had the support of roughly eighty percent of the workers in this area, or more than 100,000 strikers. One of the important events during his presidency was the Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902. About 140,000 workers demanded 20% increase in pay, reduction of work day to 9 hours, and several other improvements.
On May 12, 1902, the anthracite miners held a vote in Scranton, Pennsylvania. The history of Great Anthracite Coal Strike is told in a factual sequence consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method of relating the history and events of the Great Anthracite Coal Strike. In March 1903 the commission granted the miners a 10 percent wage increase and a nine-hour workday. Roosevelt continued to contemplate intervention. Root told Roosevelt that he would like to mediate in a way which would not commit the President. He threatened to take control of the mines and operate them with federal troops.
President Theodore Roosevelt was also becoming concerned and decided to take unprecedented action. Roosevelt attempted to persuade the union to end the strike with a promise that he would create a commission to study the causes of the strike and propose a solution, which Roosevelt promised to support with all of the authority of his office. A number of small strikes took place in the region where anthracite was mined from 1899 to 1901, and the union organinized more workers as a result. He had been a distinguished corporate lawyer and was a friend of banker J. The commission failed to recommend union recognition, however, or to address the problems of child labor and hazardous working conditions. Shortall, that was taken to the. They claimed that with proper protection, they could produce enough coal to end the fuel shortage.
Letter, Wright to George F. But both he and Wright tried to persuade Mitchell. Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902 for kids: Socialism Many of the miners advocated socialism which is based on the idea that the federal government should own and operate industry for the nation as a whole. Still, for the first time the federal government acted to settle, rather than break, a strike. The owners continued to refuse to enter into any negotiations with the union. The owners refused to meet with or to arbitrate with the union. The economics of coal revolved around two factors: most of the cost of production was wages for miners, and if the supply fell the price would shoot up because in an age before oil and electricity, there were no good substitutes.