What makes a person a necessary party is not merely that he has relevant evidence to give on some of the questions involved; that would only make him a necessary witness. In the case of Surjit Singh Supra a similar question arose for consideration before this Court. It may be stated that any member of a community may successfully bring a suit to assert his right to the community property or for protecting such property by seeking removal of encroachments there from. The provision of this Section does not indeed annul the conveyance or the transfer otherwise, but to render it subservient to the rights of the parties to a litigation. He observed: It is a general rule which seems to have been recognised in all regular systems of jurisprudence, that during the pendence of an action, of which the object is to vest the property or obtain the possession of real estate, a purchaser shall be held to take that estate as it stands in the person of the seller, and to be bound by the claims which shall ultimately be pronounced. Other courts look to whether the claims emanate from a single occurrence or transaction.
If a person is not found to be a proper or necessary party, the Court does not have the jurisdiction to order his impleadment against the wishes of the plaintiff. Before discussing the decision of the Supreme Court relied upon by the parties, we would like to highlight some of the important facts and developments in the case which are not disputed by the parties. Therefore, the assignees-respondents could not have been impleaded by the trial court as parties to the suit, in disobedience of its orders. However, contract and tort actions may be combined in one suit when they arise out of the same occurrence or transaction and are not inconsistent. He was not residing in premises in question and was also not claiming any interest under compromise decree. Can the plaintiff come to appeal on grounds that case was dismissed due to non-joinder of parties and also ask for impeading of that very party as a necessary party under order 1 rule 10? Regency Convention Centre and Hotels P Ltd. In the present case Defendant No.
Aim and Object of Representative Suits—Protection of large sections of society: The object of the rule is to afford convenience in suits where there is a community of interest amongst a large number of persons, so that a few should be allowed to represent the whole in order to save trouble and expense. When a person is not a party in the Original suit then he cannot be made a party in the appeal since there has been no prayer against him. You may not ask buyers to modify or remove reviews. In that case, on the death of one Janak Singh, being the head of the family a suit for partition and separate possession was filed by and between the parties. Satya Devi through the broker Sh. So you should understand that it enables the court when court feels whose presence is necessary for effectually and completely adjudicate. Admittedly, the authority or order of the Court had not been obtained for alienation of those properties.
He does not join in any special convenants made between plaintiff and his vendor; all he does is to pass on his title to the plaintiff. But a vakalatnama was filed on behalf of the defendants and 4th defendant also filed an affidavit purporting to be on behalf of the defendants, expressing their concern that during the pendency of the case the suit property will not be sold. It was stated that in terms of the will, the unmarried daughters would continue to live in the property till they moved out to their respective matrimonial home. Under Section 19 b of the Specific Relief Act bona fide transactions are protected. Once that is so, Pritam Singh and his assignees, respondents herein, cannot claim to be impleaded as parties on the basis of assignment.
Accordingly, it was prayed that Smt. In a suit for recovery of money declaration of rights of plaintiffs and liabilities of defendents became final by preliminary decree. A person may be necessary as defendant to the suit when 1 there is a right to some relief against him in respect of the dispute involved in the suit-: and 2 his presence is necessary to enable the court effectually and completely to adjudicate upon and settle all the questions involved in the suit. Further pending the suit, the transferee is not entitled as of right to be made a party to the suit, though the court has a discretion to make him a party. By the same logic, separate suits have to be filed against persons, who acquire title or interest from time to time. Resource centre is one stop destination for users who are seeking for latest updates and information related to the law. The question as to whether an individual is a proper or necessary party to a suit, would depend upon the nature of relief claimed in the suit and the right or interest projected by the persons, who propose to get themselves impleaded.
A necessary party is one without whom no order can be made effectively. These rules provide that the court should look to various pragmatic factors and determine whether it is better to dismiss the action owing to the absence of a party, or to proceed without that party. Your use of service is completely at your own risk. The party committing the breach may doubtless incur the liability to be punished for the breach committed by it but the sale by itself may remain valid as between the parties to the transaction subject only to any directions which the competent Court may issue in the suit against the vendor. The Court concludes that Smt. Now the points for consideration and determination by this Court in the present C. Who may be joined as defendants.
The legal position in this regard is also fairly well settled. The path treaded by the courts below was, in our view, out of their bounds. Zuris : Ok now for your reference i have pasted the extract of the recent judgement on this. Sapna Jain as a party in the suit and affording her an opportunity of being heard and leading evidence in her defence. . Further readings Oakley, John B. To apply any such test is to misconceive the object of the enactment and in the view of the Board, the learned Subordinate Judge was in error in this respect in laying stress, as he did, on the fact that the agreement of 8.
But the court should be very circumspect in dealing with the application of a third party seeking leave to become party in the suit, when the plaintiff is opposed to it. The legal position in this regard is also fairly well settled. On those facts, this Court held that the deed of assignment was not capable of conveying any right to the assignee and the order of impleadment of the assignees as parties was unsustainable. The powers given under sub-rule 2 of Rule 10 of Order I, are wide enough to enable the court to implead persons as defendants in a suit, who may not be, in the strict sense, necessary for effectually and completely adjudicating upon and settling all questions involved in the suit. During discussions, it was informed that Smt. Zuris : Of course I can make a guess from Order 1 Rule 10 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure 10. Likewise in the decision in relied upon by Mr.
The court below has not committed any error of jurisdiction in directing the impleadment of the applicants as the order passed by it is clearly covered by the provisions of sub-rule 2 of Rule 10 of Order I, C. District Judge is perfectly justified in dismissing the application filed by the petitioners as they are neither proper nor necessary parties to the litigation. List your case requirements, for free, with no prior pre-registration. The learned counsel for the respondent controverted by justifying that the petitioner is neither a necessary party nor a proper party,and no third party was present during the course of negotiation and hence the petitioner should not be allowed to implead as a party. Understanding that your privacy and confidentiality is of prime, hence the Platform has been designed for you to list your case anonymously. In a suit for injunction restraining interference with possession, the applicant sought its impleadment in the suit as defendant, principally, on the ground that it had entered into agreement of sale with the defendant opposite party through her attorney in respect of a part of the land in suit. Miscellaneous The Terms and Conditions are as per the prevalent Laws of India and any dispute regarding these terms, shall be referred to applicable laws of India or the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods.