The firewalls were 'firewalls' only - they were not designed to withstand gas explosions. Although there was an automatic deluge sprinkler system in place, which could pump hundreds of tons of seawater onto a fire, it was switched of because the divers had been in the water and it could only operate manually. But remember that this statement is not laying the blame for incidents on managers. As the disaster unfolds, we will see how the Piper, Tartan, and Claymore platforms were linked. During the evening of 06 July, pump B tripped and the nightshift crew decided that pump A should be brought back into service. The Tharos fire fighting and rescue floating platform was on station and came in close to Piper. Cause of the Piper Alpha Disaster High pressure condensate pumps are an integral part of the gas processing system on offshore platforms.
They did not knew that Pump A under maintenance and accidently turn it to operational. The failure of gas detectors,fire protection deluge and emergency shutdown systems because of these some designsystems deficiency. There are many contributing factors. This caused the release of large amounts of condensate gas into module C. If the above legislations existed prior to 6 July, 1988 and were implemented with proper monitoring, the Piper Alpha disaster would most likely not have occurred especially in such magnitude.
The test separator will check the flow rate and composition of the well fluids so that at regular intervals oil from each well was routed into the test separators. Of the 226 crewmembers, 167 were killed, 30 of whose bodies were never recovered. Human factor which involved with human actions linked to basic event of the accident are one of the main causes that lead to the tragic occurred. Building, Construction, Disaster 685 Words 4 Pages natural disasters inflict on vulnerable communities around the world. The dayshift crew then finished for the day. The agenda is centred on self-regulation ethics, with targets or goal setting rather than a prescriptive approach that targets to give strict rules for all possible work situations failure.
Some issues highlighted in audits were just ignored. It is an online service that answers factual queries directly by computing the answer from structured data, rather than providing a list of documents or web pages that might contain the answer as a search engine might. At the time of the disaster, the Piper Alpha disaster was the worst. It been used to remove the condensate from the gas thus increase the pressure of the gas. That quality depends critically on effective safe leadership at all levels and the commitment of the whole workforce to give priority to safety. On the same time, for better communication, coordination and interaction between superiors and subordinates helps to solve any problems. Only 59 men survived and most of these were scarred for life, not only from horrific burns, but from the memory of the explosion and fire on the Piper Alpha on 6 th July 1988 and the loss of lifelong friends and workmates.
Other than that, the system had been made without sufficient feedback and understanding of their effects on the safety of operations. For example there was no clear procedure for shift handover. The number 4 reactor at the Chernobyl Nuclear power plant ended up exploding after several errors that occurred during a scheduled safety systems test. The contents of the reservoir were kept in liquid state by the intense pressures generated there but by the time they had reached the surface during the extraction they had become gas and fluid. However, the operators were busy with their own handovers at the same time, and the practice developed where maintenance would sign off the permit and leave it in the control room or safety office.
But, the panel cannot withstandthe explosion, that cause thepanel flying in high speed andhit one of the pipe in module Bthat cause the explosion. There were no injuries been reported but according to the people who survived from the incident, some of them really badly injured and loss parts of their body. This basically makes them both responsible. All the recommendations were implemented. It is normal that different workforces have to work together and that they are doing so in isolated and demanding environments. Piper Alpha 1988 Introduction: Piper Alpha was a large fixed Structure Platform located about 120 miles north east of Aberdeen.
Mostafa Tantawi Masters Of Subsea Engineering, University of Aberdeen This was supposed to be sent last Friday, but due to errors on the site it didn't, this is an introduction for Pipe Alpha Disaster, Causes, and initial reaction of the industry along with a brief on Lord Cullen's recommendation, I know this introduction might seem out of context, but I thought it might help people get into the subject. When enough antecedents have accumulated, the disaster occurs at that specific tipping time. On 6 July, 1988 work began on oneof two condensate-injection pumps, designated A and B, which were used to compressgases in the gas compression module of the platform prior to transport of the gas to Flotta Module C, Figure 4. While the produced water being heavier than oil dropped to the bottom of the separators and interface between water and oil in the separators was regulated by a level control system and disposed of into the sea. There were drilling, production, inspection and maintenance by some workmen and divers.
It around 70% peoples on the platform dead resulted from the tragic accident. Piper Alpha was a hub or collection platform - not only did it receive oil and gas from its own risers, two other platforms - Claymore and Tartan 'A' - fed gas to it. The pipe steel strength reduced because of the too high temperature andsome more induced by internal pressures. The inquiry began in November 1988; report was published in November 1990. Go for a walk and talk to some people, face to face.