Some eld- erly people do not get dentures to replace missing teeth for financial reasons; others have poorly fitting dentures. Regular sexual practice also may help older adults maintain their sexual interest and prowess. Older adults tend to be susceptible to accidents and falls. You are also at an increased risk for heart disease and high blood pressure. Each person experiences age-related changes based on many factors: biological factors such as molecular and cellular changes are called primary aging, while aging that occurs due to controllable factors, such as lack of physical exercise and poor diet, is called secondary aging.
Body fat now makes up 20% or more of a persons body weight. First, a change in collagen composition of the lungs causes them to become less elastic and thus less capable of expanding and contract- ing. In late adulthood, women are at increased risk for prob- lems of the vaginal area, prolapsed uterus, and cancer of the cervix, vulva, and breasts. Women have more urinary system problems than men throughout life. Generally speaking, the brain becomes less lateralized, or more bilateral with age Cabeza, 2002. Normally, it is the mother who provides early attachment, but fathers are not irrelevant. Late adulthood, occurring after the age of 65, can be both positive and negative.
Health and Disease Stress is increasingly being found to be a factor in disease Chronic stress can interfere with immune system functioning as well as cardiovascular factors Stress and negative emotions can affect the development and course of cardiovascular disease by altering underlying physiological processes Mortality Rates Infectious disease was the main cause of death in the 20th century, now chronic diseases is the lead cause. For example, when Mimi does manage to work out, she often does aerobic exercise, like walking or taking an aerobics class. Psychological and Emotional Development Now that you have had an overview of the physical changes associated with adulthood, let's look at the emotional and psychological changes that take place. There are also important changes in the reproductive system, especially for women. None of the biological declines of middle and late adulthood needs to be an obstacle to enjoying all aspects of life, including sex.
A Word about Picky Eaters Some parents worry that their child is not eating enough. Dementia and Alzheimer's disease are brain ailments, not normal parts of aging. Hearing decline is most noticeable in your mid-40s. While middle-aged adults retain the physical abilities necessary to conduct their daily lives, there are unmistakable signs of aging. In all of the previous life stages, the individual is moving toward maturity. And exercise slows many primary aging changes too, such as the physiological changes taking place within the vital organs. Emphysema is a condition involving destruction of lung tissue that results in lowered lung elasticity.
Consequences of cochlear damage for the detection of inter-aural phase differences. However, this reduction in testosterone does not fully explain the psychological symptoms of anxiety and depression that may accompany middle adulthood, indicating that the male climacteric probably has more to do with emotional rather than physical events. Her sedentary lifestyle is a contributing factor to her weight gain. In middle adulthood, we may start to see more noticeable changes again. Because of the dramatic physical developments that take place earlier, it may seem that less attention is placed on physical development in the adult years.
It is generally a long, relatively stable period. This theory consists of two main stages, each with several parts. Women experience a gradual decline in fertility as they approach the onset of menopause—the end of the menstrual cycle—around 50 years old. It can be treated with therapeutic methods or surgery if severe. Overall, regardless of people's best hopes and efforts, aging translates into decline. After this period, the rate of physical change decreases, but change does not cease.
One common change in middle age involves the muscle-to-fat ratio in a person. Changing strategies Researchers used to believe that brain activity would slow down with aging so that older brains would show less activity overall than younger ones. People with emphysema have difficulty breathing and moving about freely. Social and Emotional Aspects of Adulthood There are many theories about the social and emotional aspects of aging. Vital Health Statistics 23 28 , 1—45.
This is comforting to many parents who feel childhood passes much too quickly. Ducks and other animals have a more rigid attachment process, called imprinting, that occurs during a critical period. Although less noticed by society, men also experience hormonal changes in middle adulthood, notably a decline in testosterone, which significantly reduces the production of sperm cells. The gallbladder stores bile from the liver. In what ways are they different? Brain Plasticity: Brain plasticity allows for positive changes in brain structure and function even in middle age. For many people, the physical changes that become evident in adulthood take the form of a gradual decline in physical and sensory abilities. Alcoholism and overeating are examples of negative approaches to problem-solving, that are particularly relevant to this age group.