The Poverty Ratio or Head Count Index has not been found to be an acceptable measure of poverty by many economists for the following reasons: Firstly, this measure is very simple and it fails to indicate the depth of poverty. Poverty Differential among Different States in India : A high degree of poverty differentials among the various states of India has been continuing from the very beginning. The direct consequences stemming from this problem are hunger, malnutrition and susceptibility to diseases which have been identified as major problems across the world. More than 75 per cent people live in villages. Out of about 100 crore Indians.
So, there had been political as well as administrative apathy and resistance towards elimination of poverty in India. Inspite of 4 decardes of planning, the problem of poverty is still persisting in the country. Spread of epidemic diseases in any country is the reason of poverty as poor people cannot take care of their health and hygienic condition. So, for an individual, the income gap, Y p — Y i, measures the shortfall of income of the individual from his income at poverty line. The institutional maladies are needed to be rectified to eradicate poverty completely in the long run. Using inverse interpretation method, one can find amount of consumption expenditure at which the minimum calorie requirement is met. The most important reasons of the poverty are illiteracy, corruption, growing population, poor agriculture, gap between poor and rich, etc.
A poverty line can be defined as the estimated minimum level of income that a family needs to be able to secure the basic necessities of life. Coletti With nearly 1 billion citizens, India is the second most populated nation in the world. Causes of Poverty in India Climatic factors: Climatic conditions constitute an important cause of poverty. New incentives have given boost to farm exports, The rising trend in agro, horticulture, aquaculture and other exports has generated new employment opportunities in the rural sector. Improvement of the Subsidy rates on commodities and Public Distribution system should be made. The current debate centres on the estimation of price deflators, reference period for survey and also for determining the basis of poverty line. This new technology with high cost of investment favoured rich farmers and discriminated against poor farmers.
They looted our gold, money and everything and that kind of started the extreme poverty seen in India. It is easier to pretend they do not exist at all. The pro-poor policies are necessary as they are to widen the opportunities and capabilities of the poor, must be so fashioned as to promote growth in the long run. It provides for commitment in the area of market access, domestic support and export competition. N estimates that 17 million are added to the population each year.
Later on the Planning Commission revised per capita monthly expenditure for drawing poverty line at Rs 115. The poverty level is below 10 per cent in states like Delhi, Goa, Punjab, etc. Significant measures have been taken to eradicate and alleviate these issues by various organizations and policy makers. In numerical terms, the number of persons living below the poverty line in India increased from 321 million in 1973-74 to 329 million in 1977-78 and then gradually declined to 307 million in 1987-88 and then again increased to 320 million in 1993-94 and then to 260 million in 1999-2000. However, has India really woken up from its sleep of dreams and aspirations. The members have to transform their non-tariff barriers like quotas into equivalent tariff measures. A global count of the extreme poor in 2012: data issues, methodology and initial results.
Following the international poverty line of failing to spend one U. It is very difficult to draw a demarcation line between affluence and poverty. Among major states like Orissa, Bihar, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu, more than 50 per cent of their population lived below the poverty line in 1983. Consequently they have limited life-opportunities to achieve upward social mobility. But the present contract system followed for the implementation of these programmes should be stopped and proper institutional framework should be provided so that rural workers can engage themselves with much vigour and responsibility.
Thus, in 2011, the number of the poor was almost 8% down as compared with 2009. We are giving you the core information about the poverty in and how it is affecting the life of people in India. Estimates of Dandekar and Rath: Dandekar and Rath estimated their own standard of poverty line taking 2,250 calories as the desired minimum level of nutrition. Instead, these were directed to various forms of conspicuous consumption. Following are the ways we stop poverty in India. The same goes of another tragedy that the country is infamous for:. However, as local governments were left with more power of oversight, the anti-poverty programs had in fact worse results than before.
Vaidyanathan also made their study on the basis of this definition. The second hurdle that needs to be overcome is that of domestic issues or the issues related to poverty, deterioration. What should be the way of development and for whom there would be the development? This pressure of population proves a hindrance in the way of economic development. As per the Tendulkar Committee Report, the national poverty line at 2004-05 prices was a monthly per capita consumption expenditure of Rs 446. Crime rates should be low and education should be high. So, these agricultural labourers are all recorded as living below the poverty line. Little is known of their and labour in the growing cities.
Total number of persons living below the poverty line also increased from 117 million in 1960-61 to 216 million in 1968- 69, although the proportion of population below the poverty line remained the same at 41 per cent. Overpopulation in India has led to high unemployment rates and has inhibited the provision of quality public services. In order to remove any kind of terrorism the. Growing population is a great contributor to poverty. At the very least, recognizing the issue will help to address it by create a debate and gathering solutions from across the board. It is also an important factor in the creation of paradoxical situation, the lack of purchasing power amidst plentiful availability of food causing starvation deaths.