Ruralites migrated to cities in large numbers. Culture includes old customs, traditions, folkways, norms, values, etc. It has to be studied in a scientific manner. It provides us that knowledge about the rural social phenomena which can help as in making contribution to the development of Rural Society. Students will examine the nature of the research process, explore the connection between theory and empirical research, identify viable research topics, critique published research, learn how to structure good arguments, understand the structure of research papers and proposals, plan and manage research activities, and become familiar with research ethics. Rural sociology studies the various factors responsible for social change in a very systematic way.
Caste System in India 24. Rural Reconstruction Movement in India 41. Nature of social change and development. Giddings of Columbia University, Themas Ninon Carver of Harvard University and so on have made their original contribution regarding the study and development of Rural Society. Consequently, huge data on American rural life poured out in the form of dissertations and research monographs. It was suggested that there was a need of rural reconstruction and welfare.
Meaning of Rural Sociology : India is basically a land of villages. The main contributors to the development of rural sociology are-Charles Sanderson, Burtherfield, Ernast Burnholme, John Morris Gillin, Franklin H. Study of Rural Community in India 9. A few definitions may be examined here: 1. Though, the Development of Rural Sociology of India. Rural sociology is of recent origin and a very new discipline.
The fear of boycott from the social function is more powerful control than any other legal punishment. This is necessary as such would further enhance the ability of the sector for increased contribution to the overall national growth and development. Graded on A-F basis only. India was to him a little more than the historical repository of veritable phenomena of ancient usage and ancient juridical thought. Its main aim is to study of rural social life. A quantitative methods course in measurement, data collection and analysis related to social and behavioral science research. The outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 is a major setback in the human history.
Two years later, in 1919, a Rural Sociology Department was established under the Bureau of Agricultural Economics and Dr. The subjects that are included within the scope are very comprehensive in nature and we can blindly say that its boundary is varying large. Nelson says about the scope of rural sociology that rural sociology is the description and analysis of progress of various groups as they exist in rural environment. Due to historical reasons, the existing Indian rural society has become a veritable mosaic of various types of rural societies and hence reveals a diversified cultural pattern. Many studies have been made but many of them now are in monograph or article form.
More than 800 professors and research workers are engaged in developing that science in that country. Scope of Rural Sociology 4. Introduction and application of basic community development concepts, methods and practical skills for involving and empowering local citizens and leaders effectively in community-based efforts regardless of the issue. Origin and Development of Rural Sociology 3. In the middle of nineteenth century society underwent a metamorphic transformation. Before independence, also, many studies were conducted about village life in India. The responsiveness of government, large corporations, and institutions to the problems of diverse communities will be critically examined, with a multidisciplinary approach that will draw on key theories and works in the disciplines of sociology, rural sociology, community development, and geography.
Social control may be conducted in various ways. The reconstruction work brought further encouragement to the science. Besides, Planning Commission has introduced several projects for Rural Development-Community Development Project, Land Reforms, Co-Operative Movement, Five Year Plans, Panchayati Raj, National Extension Service and so on have contributed a lot of the Development of Rural Sociology in India. But as a separate discipline of study Rural Sociology had not achieved its target till the beginning of the twentieth century. The Subsequent Chapters Provide Valuable Informations Regarding Origin And Development Of Rural Sociology, Scope, Importance, Methods Of Study, Relations With Other Social Sciences, Rural Community, Peasant Community, Folk Society, Rural Society, Rural Religion, Festivals, Family, Joint Family, Marriage System, Caste System, Untouchability, Jajmani System, Hooka Group, Rural Leadership And Rural Economy. In Rural Society, social control is in formal and rigid in nature.
Open country and village groupings and groups behavior are its concern. Information Page With an annual output, Research in Rural Sociology and Development, publishes scholarly content at the cutting edge of rural sociology. Rural sociology is the sociology of the village or village society. The main aim of the Country Life Commission was to study rural social problems and make recommendation for the development of rural life. As sun is the centre of solar system, in Rural Sociology, Rural Society is the centre.