High increase in the density of population is a matter of great concern as it puts immense pressure on our natural resources and existing infrastructural facilities and adversely affects the quality of life. The average annual exponential growth rate for selected countries and the world is depicted in Figure 2. During 2001-2011, the growth rates of almost all States and Union Territories have registered a lower figure compared to the previous decade, namely, 1991-2001. The duration of residence are grouped as: Less than 1 year, 1-4 years, 5-9 years and 10 years and above. Population trends for major religious groups in India 1951—2011 Religious group Population % 1951 Population % 1961 Population % 1971 Population % 1981 Population % 1991 Population % 2001 Population % 2011 Hinduism 84. The density has been worked out on comparable data.
The data is presented separately for total, rural and urban areas at State level. In this table data is provided for all areas at State level by sex. The crucial question is when will this objective be achieved? Maps 14 to 19 depicts effective literacy rate for persons, males and females for 2001 and 2011 censuses. Source: Population Projections for India and States: 2001-2026. Here, place of birth is classified as place of enumeration, elsewhere in the District of enumeration, other Districts of the state, other States, out side India in specified countries of Asia, Europe, Africa, Americas and Oceania.
Attainment of universal primary education is one of the Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations to be achieved by the year 2015. Of these States, Punjab decreased the most from fifteenth rank to twenty-first rank slipping down by 6 points. Central region occupies the second highest place in density with 417 followed by Southern region 397 , Western region 344 and Northern region 267 respectively. It also gives area and population according to the 2011 jurisdiction along with net increase or decrease of population purely due to the jurisdictional changes. In contrast, the number of States and Union Territories with high sex ratio of 986 and above rose sharply from four in 2001 to seven in 2011 with corresponding increases in the share of population. A significant milestone reached in Census 2011, is that the total number of illiterates has come down from 304,146,862 in 2001 to 272,950,015 in 2011, showing a decline of 31,196,847 persons. The population of the ten most populous countries of the world are given in Statement 1.
Industry should be able to attract and accommodate a sizeable number of people from the rural areas to lessen their dependence upon agriculture. The data is presented at State level for each Scheduled Caste. The Table provides details of migration by last residence, duration of residence and reason for migration within the State, District and Town and is presented only for those States where Scheduled Tribes are notified. Statement 24 presents ranking of States and Union Territories by literacy rate of 2001 and 2011 along with decadal difference. The factors that drive childbearing trends—such as the economy, education, gender relations, and access to family planning—are numerous and complex, and public policies and programs to influence population trends must address many issues at once. Statement 22 b Male-Female Gap in Effective Literacy Rate Notes 1. This slow decrease in the proportion of work force employed in agriculture in the reference of increasing population growth shows large disguised unemployment in Indian agriculture.
But the change in 2001 over 1971 by about 14 percentage points reflects a significant change. Statement 11 Sex ratio of selected countries Source 1. This reduction is indicative of a fall in fertility and is a positive sign. Only in 1991, this ratio has gone up to 20. Too much dependence on agriculture is a symptom of economic backwardness. In addition, the total number of children ever born by sex to ever married women by their present ages by different religious communities is given in the table.
Based on this methodology the following Statement 40 shows the variation of the provisional population with the respective projected population of the 7 North-Eastern States. The population of India is almost equal to the combined population of U. The data is presented separately for all areas at State level. Myanmar 1048 , Sri Lanka 1034 and Nepal 1014 have more females in their populations whereas in all other countries the sex ratio shows male domination. The maximum, contribution in this decrease has come from Uttar Pradesh 7,424,572 followed by Bihar 4,250,715. Nagaland is the only State which has registered a small negative growth during 2001-2011 after very high growths in all the previous decades.
With the help of base years expectation of life at birth for males and females, the expectation of life at birth for each of the five year groups from 2001-2005 to 2021-2025 by sex were projected by interpolation. Leaving aside the period of the British rule which kept the Indian economy in a state of stagnation, there has been little shift in the occupational distribution of the work force. It may be seen that the Eastern region has the highest density of 625 persons per sq. As per this, the sex ratio of India is 940. These changes may be attributed to land reforms since 1951. While the absolute increase is indeed a matter of concern, the positive feature is that the rate of increase has slowed down and has shown a sharp decline in the last decade. Figure 20 presents sex ratio in the States and Union Territories at the 2011 Census.
Sub nuclear households and broken extended households are two new types of households added to household tables for Census 2011. These tabulations are compiled from the population count of the smallest units, the enumeration block. The States and Union Territories with literacy rates below the National average 74. This trend of rising female literates will have far reaching consequences on the development of society. The number of States and Union Territories having female literacy of seventy per cent and above was only eight in Census 2001 covering around five per cent of population. Movement of large States Andhra Pradesh in this category resulted in the increase in the population share.
The basic purpose of presenting this table is to know the differentials observed among different economic activities regarding the average number of surviving children of ever married women at their different ages. Occupational distribution of workforce shows that cultivators are declining such decline in agriculture is replaced by increasing agricultural labour. Statement 13 provides recent trends of sex ratio of the total population, sex ratio in the age group 0-6 years and sex ratio of population aged 7 years and above for 2001 and 2011 for all the States and Union Territories. This was primarily responsible to bring about a significant fall of about 2. In 10 States and Union Territories, the decline is below 2 points; in 14 States and Union Territories it is between 2 and 3 points and in 10 States and Union Territories, it is 3 points or more. Consequently, disguised unemployment and poverty persist.
This transition from a stable population with high mortality and high fertility to a stable population with low mortality and low fertility is called demographic transition. The data has been presented for the following age-groups: All ages, less than 10,10-11,12-13,14- 15,16-17,18-19, 20-21, 22-23, 24-25, 26-27, 28-29, 30-31,32-33, 34+ and not stated. The detailed educational levels have been adopted for this table. Occupational gender wise integration is a sign of progress which ensures proportionate participation of women in economic activities. Given below is the decade-by-decade religious composition of India until the 2011 census. What gives some cause for cheer is the fact that the States where the child sex ratio had dropped alarmingly in Census 2001 have now shown a slight improvement. The figures of six major religious communities, viz.