By 1838, he had written two-thirds of the short stories he was to write in his lifetime. From this experience, however, he gained the setting for a later novel, The Blithedale Romance. Since he refused to submit to any thorough medical examination, the details of his declining health remain mysterious. In Hawthorne's greatest novel, The Scarlet Letter, set in a seventeenth-century Puritan town, Hester Pryme is forced to wear a scarlet letter A because of an adulterous relationship with the Reverend Arthur Dimmsdale, whose identity she steadfastly protects. He married Sophia in 1842; they moved to The Old Manse in Concord, Massachusetts, where they lived for three years.
A born writer, like Edgar Allan Poe he suffered the difficulties of the writer in early-19th-century America: an unsympathetic environment, the materialism of a physically expanding nation, the lack of an artistic tradition. Its tradition of soul-searching encouraged profundity, and its penchant for seeking God's Providence in natural events provided Hawthorne with a way of seeing and interpreting. Last years Although he had always been an exceptionally active man, Hawthorne's health began to fail him. At Bowdoin, Hawthorne read widely and received solid instruction in English composition and the classics, particularly in Latin. At the end of 1841, Hawthorne left the community. Nathaniel Hawthorne in the 1860s Nathaniel Hawthorne July 4, 1804 — May 19, 1864 was a nineteenth-century novelist and short story writer.
To the end of his life, he never acknowledged authorship of Fanshawe. The correspondence ended shortly after Moby-Dick was published by Harper and Brothers. Hawthorne published his most well-known work, The Scarlet Letter, shortly after in 1850, bringing him fame and financial relief. Hawthorne attended Bowdoin College in Maine from 1821—1824, befriending classmates Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and future president Franklin Pierce. In 1857 he resigned from this post and traveled in France and Italy. His son, Julian, was born in 1846. With the aid of his prosperous maternal uncles, the Mannings, Hawthorne attended Bowdoin College from 1821 to 1825, when he graduated.
Yet he was also responsive to the influence of his near contemporaries, the English romantics. He was absorbed by the enigma of evil and sought to clarify human responsibility within the context of social and moral expectations. He held a rather too pessimistic view of his own talent, and his deep Puritan skepticism of the value of merely human effort was also a deterrent to complete dedication to fiction; the volume of his writing is substantial but not great. The was in 1850, by a of novels. He had set off for the New Hampshire hills with Franklin Pierce, an activity he had always enjoyed, hoping to regain his health. In 1852 he wrote the campaign biography of his old friend, Franklin Pierce.
Three years on, he was offered a position as a weigher and gauger at the Boston Custom House and since the salary was good, Nathaniel Hawthorne accepted the position. Personal Life Nathaniel Hawthorne married Sophia Peabody on July 9, 1842. Later he looked back upon these years as a period of dreamlike isolation and solitude, spent in a haunted chamber, where he sat enchanted while other men moved on. Returning from Bowdoin, Hawthorne spent from 1825 to 1837 in his mother's Salem household. He, as freely as Irving, addressed with historical material, professing the principles of romantic historiography, that is, preferring to be faithful not to the letter, but to the spirit of the era he recreated.
In fact, his later writing, produced after greater experience in the world, demonstrated an increasing disdain for the. Two aspects of his background especially affected his imagination and writing career. But there is also a personal history the weighed heavily on Hawthorne. When the Whigs won the 1848 election, Hawthorne lost his position. A tribute The Bells of Lynn was written in his honor by Longfellow in 1866. Between 1816 and 1819 Hawthorne lived there with his mother and sisters, free to swim, fish, and hunt. His ancestors include John Hathorne, the only judge involved in the Salem witch trials who never repented of his actions.
Hawthorne's father was a sea captain and descendant of John Hathorne, one of the judges who oversaw the Salem Witch Trials. Upon his release from prison, he wrote The Subterranean Brotherhood 1914 , a nonfiction work calling for an immediate end to incarceration of criminals. This, for Hawthorne, is the worst sin or calamity that man is heir to. Hawthorne's short stories came slowly but steadily into critical favor, and the best of them have become American classics. Julian moved out west, served a jail term for embezzlement, and wrote a book about his father. I seem to have a stronger claim to a residence here on account of this grave, bearded, sable-cloaked and steeple-crowned progenitor,—who came so early, with his Bible and his sword, and trode the unworn street with such a stately port, and made so large a figure, as a man of war and peace,—a stronger claim than for myself, whose name is seldom heard and my face hardly known. Furthermore, some of their greatest sins were committed under the umbrella of good intentions.
Education In 1821, Hawthorne entered Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine. His son, too, inherited the persecuting spirit, and made himself so conspicuous in the martyrdom of the witches, that their blood may fairly be said to have left a stain upon him. He is a great-great-grandson of John Hathorne, who superseded over the trials of witches in Selem. Hawthorne and his wife then moved to The Wayside, previously a home of the Alcotts. Though small and isolated, the Bowdoin of the 1820s was an unusually good college, and Hawthorne undoubtedly profited from his formal education. In his day as in ours, readers struggle to understand its main characters in the context of a repressive society.
Nathaniel Hawthorne Biography Bibliography of Nathaniel Hawthorne is very diverse. Hawthorne's father died at sea in 1808 of yellow fever when Hawthorne was only four years old, so Nathaniel was raised secluded from the world by his mother. C and had the chance to meet figures like Abraham Lincoln and several others. However, he also praised him for being a genius and the spectacularly thoughtful nature of his work. There the groom planted a garden, ice-skated with Emerson, rowed with , conversed with and , took long walks with Sophia, and produced stories in a study Sophia lovingly decorated where Emerson had earlier written Nature.