America in the 21st Century: A Demographic Overview. American businesses searched desperately for a place that could make them competitive again by giving them lower energy costs, cheaper labor and lower taxes. For a hundred years afterwards there was a contrast between a progressive industrial North and a backward rural South. A shift from northeastern dominance was evident by the early 1970s. Question: Many people migrated to the Sun Belt to Migration to the Sunbelt The Sun Belt consists of states that have warmer climates than the rest of the country. The Southeast had a smaller population, a less robust economy, and hot, humid summers that many northerners considered uncomfortable. You know, the American dream.
Following close behind are California and Illinois, all of which are once again losing people in large numbers to other places. Because of the expansion of inexpensive residential retirement communities, the Sun Belt region has seen a 93 percent overall growth of population between 1970 and 1990, well above the national average. From the 1950s-1970s, Americans migrated in droves out of the Rust Belt. Since 1970, the Sun Belt has gained more than 25 electoral votes, mostly at the expense of the Northeast and Midwest. Joel Kotkin is executive editor of NewGeography. The Sun Belt also faced difficult issues, including social problems that many migrants had hoped to escape.
And with increased population comes increased political power. Chapel Hill: University of Press, 1989. The Democratic South goes Republican When Democratic President Lyndon Johnson used federal law to force the Southern states to end segregation in the 1960s, he knew he would split his party. National politics have come to reflect the more conservative views in the West and South. Once-soaring prices in communities such as Orlando and Phoenix have adjusted to the more historic median multiple median housing price relative to income of roughly three; in contrast, despite some declines, prices in metropolitan areas like New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego and San Jose all remain around six or higher. To Australia - about 50,000. Chicago is attracting more businesses and young, educated professionals to fill those jobs, while many less-expensive rural and suburban areas with less economic opportunity struggle, said , a Chicago demographic consultant.
The result was that many people lost their jobs and that there were few economic opportunities to be had in the industrial heartland. Lesson Summary The post-war period, from the 1950s through the 1980s, was characterized by the migration of hundreds of thousands of Americans from the Northern and Midwestern Rust Belt to the Southern Sun Belt. It is projected to have a median age of 78 by 2020, Doty said. People moving into a state provides many things — such as new workers, skills and, perhaps most important, capital. Some people opposed the changes, but others saw them as positive signs of progress and prosperity. However, some managed to migrate to safety.
Before and immediately after the war, lots of Americans moved to these industrial cities, many of which were in the North and Midwestern parts of the United States. Major cities like Los Angeles and Atlanta became hotspots for African American migration, where growing economies provided many black communities with the chance to open successful businesses. And like West Virginia, many are struggling to provide economic opportunity. The lifestyles and natural beauty of Sun Belt states also attraced many newcomers. A typical home in California costs than in Oregon, for example. To the City of Shanghai - about 25,000 but this figure includes refugees from Poland, too. Government passed the Homestead Act anyone 160 acres of land who promised to work and improve on the land which gave.
To understand it you must first understand the fall of the South. New oil fields, military bases, and even government research facilities opened up new jobs. The people are quite similar. African American populations, still facing intense racial discrimination across the country, tended to move to new urban centers. Major industrial centers like Detroit proudly pumped out American-made products in the millions. When they gained self-government again, Southern states voted for the Democratic Party and against the Republicans, the party of Abraham Lincoln and the hated Yankees.
The Sun Belt With the loss of economic opportunities in the Rust Belt, it's no surprise that people started moving - and in large numbers. This roughly 30-year period of migration reshaped America and has been remembered as one of the great migrations in American history. But where did they go? However, by the 1950s things were starting to change. In addition, the enormous tourist industries of the Sun Belt especially Florida and S California have brought the region considerable wealth. The rapid fall of oil prices in the 1980s hurt the economies of the energy-producing areas of the Sun Belt; Houston was especially hard hit.
As for the that people will start flocking to highly urbanized, high-cost littoral states? Texas, Louisiana, and Oklahoma benefited from the oil booms of the 1970s. Naturally, job-seekers grabbed any potential employment opportunities that they had with both hands and moved down south. This physical shift in the population represented an ideological and economic shift in the United States as the country became less interested in industrial production and more interested in emerging global technology. Despite the assumption that this group inevitably prefers dense, expensive cities, the 2010 Census showed people 25 to 34 such as Orlando, Tampa, Houston and Austin, as well as Raleigh, North Carolina. There was a potato famine in Ireland that caused many, many people to make the perilous journey to the Land of Opportunity.
Historically, most of the nation's population and economic power was based in the Northeast and the upper Midwest. If the population shift continues, Texas could gain three new seats in the U. The Pilgrims, who are often referred to as the first colonial immigrants, came partly to escape religious persecution in England. The South appealed to people due to its warmer climes. Now, there might also be additional reasons that I did not mention, such as southern states potentially having lower state tax rates compared to northern states in the past which is a statement that I was not able to successfully verify , but these are the main ones. The later 1900's and the new millennium saw a rush of refugees and immigrants from countries with tyrannical political regimes or horrible corruption.
They found that they had more in common with conservative Republicans and joined the Republican political coalition. The South also differed from the North because of its shameful system of racist segregation, which denied blacks their legal and political rights. West Virginia, meanwhile, suffered a population loss of almost 5,000. Even in unionized industries, management can still fire incompetent employees and the employee has difficulty bringing a lawsuit for thousands of dollars against the company. This may not be the gangbuster growth of previous decades, but is far from moribund. All seven winners of U.