This must be executed and generally this job is performed by the staff employees. This generates lots of friction and loss of time and consequently loss of organizational effectiveness. Better utilisation and mobilisation of human resources is ensured. The chief executives or the departmental heads have some role to play but it is the minister who is empowered to utter the final word. Staff personnel use their technical expertise to assist line personnel and aid top management in various business activities.
Line authority gives a superior a line of authority over a subordinate. At the same time, it is a political organ because the ministers are political persons. For example, in the construction of a bridge, both line and staff are involved in the construction work. This creates an ideal situation for shifting blame for mistakes. Authority is unnecessarily more with line functions than the staff functions. Thinking in a vacuum 4. But the members of the staff help the line members in numerous ways such as to furnish data, to suggest new process, to give advice.
For example, a quality control manager helps a production manager by assessing the quality level of products and services offered by a certain manufacturing company, and employees in the human resource department assist other departments by training a qualified workforce. The progress of the organisation depends on the cordial relationship between the two branches of public administration. Determining the results expected from a position. Hence both the line and staff employees are crucial in the attainment of goal. Hence the problem of understanding can be a hurdle in effective running.
The study of public administration reveals that this is no exception or rare case. As a result, there is probably no area of management that causes more difficulties, more friction, arid more loss of time and effectiveness. The manager already has a line or staff authority to do his normal job. Management theorists advise that functional authority for staff positions should be extremely limited in scope: it should cover only a tiny aspect of the line managers' job, it should relate only to areas in which line managers have no expertise, and it should be granted only where company-wide uniformity is required. There are bound to be occasions when line and staff may differ in opinion.
In large organisations the responsibilities of the members of line agency are quite large. The power of command always remains with the line executives and staff supervisors guide, advice and council the line executives. In the complex business environment it is essential to have services of various types of specialists. Combustion Inflict an enemy with the power of the elements, sending a jolt of energy through their body, dealing minor damage on impact. For example, human resources, accounting, public relations and the legal department are generally considered to be staff functions. This serves as effective control in the whole enterprise.
Production initiates a business and marketing gives meaning in end. A few of them are: Handling complex managerial functions The necessity of having the advice of qualified staff specializes in various areas of an organization can scarcely be overemphasized, especially as operations become more and more complex. Danger of understanding line authority. It is to be remembered that the main work of policy or decision is done by the members of the line. The work may not be performed effectively on account of innumerable tasks before the single executives. The people who adhere to this view almost invariably classify production and sales and sometimes finance as line functions and accounting, personnel, plant maintenance, and quality control as staff functions. An advantage of a line-and-staff organization is the availability of technical specialists.
During the last five or six decades many countries have adopted the system of planning as a means to achieve the targets of development. The specialized functions are H. Here is the wiki def. The line of command is maintained. Consequently, it may become difficult to adjust to the situation in case of any fluctuation.
For example, members of an accounting department might have authority to request documents they need to prepare financial reports, or a human resource manager might have authority to ensure that all departments are complying with equal employment opportunity laws. Therefore, there is a need for analyzing the sources of line and staff conflict and then to take actions to overcome the problem of conflict. While both hierarchies have their own chains of command, a line manager may have direct control over staff employees but a staff manager may have no such power over the line employees. If these are not properly furnished by the members of the staff, line could not proceed at all. After 2 seconds you heal yourself for X amount based on the number of targets it hits.
Staff personnel use their technical expertise to assist line personnel and aid top management in various business activities. The line members are directly engaged in the construction of the bridge. In many large enterprises, the steps are long and complex; but even in the smallest; the very fact of organization introduces the scalar principle. Impracticality of staff recommendations Since staff people do not implement what they recommend, it is possible that they may think in a vacuum, thereby making their recommendations impractical and which in their turn, often results in friction, loss of morale and sabotage. Elemental path Activating this on an a target creates an animation similar to wall of elements, but the caster traverses it quickly to appear directly in front of the opponent. These services are under the direct supervision of line.
Remembering this Nigro and Nigro have observed: These services personnel, materials, finance, instruments etc. Relieving an over-burdened top executive Staff specialists devote their time to think, to gather data, and to analyze them on behalf of their busy superiors. Clearly , supervisors cannot delegate authority they do not have ,whether they are board members, Presidents, Voice Presidents or superiors. Staff Authority on the other hand is an assistant function a … s it guides line managers or functions into performing a specific activity. In other words, the chief executive does not enjoy enormous power and authority and the subordinate officers or employees are simply order-carrying and implementing persons. There is, of course, ample scope of promotion.