Yet he still tries to help him, for Stephen's sake as well as his son's. . He is humble, devout, and on a journey of understanding. The most damning things we find out about John Kumalo actually come straight from the narrator's commentary or from Msimangu's descriptions. Lesson Summary In Cry, the Beloved Country, John Kumalo is Stephen Kumalo's brother. A major portion of the novel is devoted to Stephen's search for Absalom, who has gone from place to place in Johannesburg.
His pregant girlfriend is alone and frightened d. This is in sharp contrast to Stephen, who had to think very seriously about using his savings to come to Johannesburg. Or, does he have any hobbies? When Kumalo is inclined to brood, she rouses him to action, and it is she who supplies the courage needed to read the bad news that the mail brings from Johannesburg. He loves his country and wants to see it restored. The most evident are the names gives to the characters.
James Jarvis later befriends Stephen Kumalo when they meet by chance while Kumalo delivers a letter. Meanwhile, the newspapers announce that Arthur Jarvis, a prominent white crusader for racial justice, has been murdered in his home by a gang of burglars. Arthur Jarvis: A respected, just, kind-hearted white man, who desperately wanted to help bring justice to South Africa. He had wanted to tell his brother that power can corrupt and to warn him to seek better ways of expressing himself; instead, he became angered and merely hurt his brother. And Stowe's book was hugely successful in gaining white support in the North for the anti-slavery movement in the years leading up to the American Civil War.
The difference in their reaction to the problem of finding a lawyer is also telling about the differences in their motivations and characters. John Kumalo's son Matthew is also responsible in the murder of Arthur Jarvis, but because there is no tangible evidence he betrays Absalom and is acquitted for the murder. He was with Absalom when he robbed and killed Arthur, but does not admit it. What is more, the Christian emphasis on brotherly love has obviously played a huge part in real-life anti-racist struggles. The small white boy: Arthur Jarvis' son, and James Jarvis' grandson. Kumalo was played by , Jarvis by , and Msimangu by.
She is a sullen, fearful woman who will not admit to her own role in her tenants' immoral lives. In this lesson, the characters of Stephen Kumalo and John Kumalo in the novel Cry, the Beloved Country are compared. The dignity and grace with which he accepts his suffering, however, along with his determination to help his people in spite of his limitations, make him the moral center of the novel. Unlike his brother, John Kumalo has forsaken the church and now lives a largely immoral life, having divorced his wife and taken up with a mistress. The girl: Absalom's lover, the mother of his child. Absalom confesses to the crime but states that two others, including John's son, Matthew, aided him and that he did not intend to murder Jarvis. When he visits Johannesburg for the funeral for his son and the trial of Absalom, James Jarvis learns more about the social work that Jarvis did on behalf of South Africa and eventually devotes himself to promoting social justice in South Africa.
His disregard of the church and the way he carries himself makes it clear that he is a bit full of himself. All that suggests Absalom's final repentance and his commitment to the faith of his father. We also learn that John sat ''like a chief. Theophilus Msimangu: Stephen's greatest friend in the novel. He runs a profitable store, but his main job is as a politician in Johannesburg.
Thus, Arthur is at the center of the tragedy of the book: he who was trying to help poor black people avoid lives of crime, was murdered by a young black man who was not altogether bad, just corrupted by the system Arthur was trying to change. But it is in their values that the two men are most different. He sees that the poverty, injustice, and lack of morality in his country is threatening to become irreversible. Sibeko is worried and asks Stephen to find out about her for him. John has no problem with making Absalom look bad in front of the judge. You must do so and so and so.
The narrator tells us, ''He began to sway to and fro, he was not speaking to them, he was speaking to people who were not there. Aye, but the murderer afraid of death had once been a child afraid of the night. John has let city life corrupt him. This is not a novel that encourages black people to get angry about their mistreatment at all: Kumalo is certainly no Django, from Quentin Tarantino's recent, outrageously violent slavery revenge flick. In another allusion, Arthur Jarvis is described as having a large collection of books on , and the writings of Lincoln are featured several times in the novel. Brothers, but So Very Different Do you have any siblings? Meanwhile, in the hills above Ndotsheni, Arthur Jarvis's father, James Jarvis, tends his bountiful land and hopes for rain.