Put the full citation in your reference list. It's easy to fall in love with a single book when doing research, particularly if there aren't a lot of books on the subject and one author particularly agrees with you. This signifies that you are aware that there is a mistake in the quote, and that it is not a mistake on your part. A direct quotation usually corresponds exactly to the source's spelling, capitalization and interior punctuation. Use parentheses immediately following the quote, such as Webster, 1979. Research Paper Citations Cite the source of your quote within the text of your paper. Sara, Librarian: Adriana, great question.
A direct quote is an exact, word for word copy of the original source. Restate what you've read in your own words and be sure to give the author credit using an in-text citation. Look for quotations that complement or challenge that person, and provide your own analysis. Does Punctuation Go Inside Quotation Marks? Use footnotes at the bottom of your page rather than in-text parenthetical citations. You may quote, you may paraphrase, or you may summarize. Keep in mind that any time you borrow ideas from another, you must cite the author and the source of your information.
If you do not know anything about the author, and cannot find any information, it is best to say where you found the source and why you believe it is credible and worth citing. . Chicago Manual of Style 1. Thus, her words deserve more exposure than a paraphrase could provide. Although she is often portrayed herself as the queen-mother figure, she was also viewed as the king. When do we use single quotes? A bibliography is a list of all of the sources you have used in the process of researching your work.
Check out the features of your word-processing program. Show not only that can you write, but that you can also judiciously sift through large amounts of research to glean the most important quotes that will support your argument. For example, In an essay presented at an Asian Studies conference held at Duke University, Sheldon Geron analyzes the relation of state, labor-unions, and small businesses in Japan between 1950s and 1980s. Where does the punctuation go in single quotes? Read on for another quiz question. If you are quoting a passage that contains a quotation, then you use single quotation marks for the internal quotation. When paraphrasing quotes, change at least 50 percent of the sentence, use a thesaurus for help, make sure you understand the content and avoid looking at the quote.
This is a tremendous help when providing direct quotations. Also, be sure if your instructor has imposed a limit on the length of direct quotations that you can use. Pair with a matching citation at the bottom of the page. It can be easier to tell if a sentence works when you speak it. Begin the quotation on a new line below this.
In addition, if you cite the same source multiple times, include the page number after the date: 1979, p. To decide whether you should cite your sources in footnotes or in the body of your paper, you should ask your instructor or see our section on citation styles. Since you must copy the quotation verbatim, you should insert the name after the pronoun to clarify who you are talking about. I n the above example, the author, Robertson, is mentioned in the first sentence. But be careful not to change too many words! Be sure to introduce the author from the source work within the sentence itself and use quotation marks. For example, when you cite sources in a psychology paper you would probably use a different form of citation than you might in a paper for an English class. A copy of this reference should be available in the Ladd Library and a copy is available in the Biology Department.
See how it fits in the body of the text? A colon precedes when a quotation is formally introduced or when the quotation itself is a complete sentence, but either no punctuation or a comma generally precedes when the quotation serves as an integral part of the sentence. They go outside when they apply to the whole sentence. Be clear when using quotes. When writing a text that includes sources, you need to quote the sources you are working with. This article was co-authored by. The words that precede and follow a quotation are just as important as the quotation itself. What are block quotations and how are they handled? Don't think you'll remember that something is a direct quote without using quotation marks in your notes.
When obtaining a movie or film quote save some time by not watching anything at all. Punctuate the quote before the page number. New York: The Modern Language Association of America, 2003. Thus, the exclamation mark is considered to be part of the original quotation. This applies to all citations. Indent the quotation 1 inch or 10 spaces.