The death penalty is necessary, you say. Ironically, Robespierre was guillotined at the end. By the summer of 1794, many in the Revolutionary government began to question his motives, as the country was no longer threatened by outside enemies. In a report to the National Convention in May, he affirmed the existence of God and the immortality of the soul and strove to rally the revolutionaries around a civic religion and the cult of the Supreme Being. Although Robespierre was from one point of view only one of twelve members of the committee he was the only one who, through the full support he enjoyed from the Jacobin Clubs and the Commune of Paris, represented a close link to the more radical supporters of the Revolution.
France saw the return of bourgeois values, corruption and further military failure. His own personal integrity was instrumental in formulating much of his policy. In July 1794, he got word that some political opponents were coming to town to try and get rid of him. But while his motives may have been pure, his methods were bloody. Free countries are those where the rights of man are respected and where, consequently, the laws are just.
This is because he considered his views as the general will of the French public. Its essential organs had been created, and he set himself to make them work. As he told Charlotte, The duty of pleading the case of the weak against the strong is that of every heart not so poisoned by egoism and corruption. Robespierre, Maximilien Maximilien Robespierre, oil on canvas by Pierre-Roch Vigneron, 1786; in the Museum of French History, Palace of Versailles. But the opposition leaders rallied their forces; Robespierre and his supporters were captured that night and executed the next day. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, quoted in Matrat, p. His private practice provided him with a comfortable income.
Francois' sisters undertook to raise Charlotte and Henriette, while Robespierre's Grandfather Carrault brought up Maximilien and Augustin, although all four remained very close throughout Maximilien's childhood. His mother died when he was 6 years old, and his father left the family soon after. Recurrent ill-health and his slight build impelled him to more solitary and intellectual, less social or physical pursuits. But when he realized that he was, as it were, head of the family by virtue of the fact that he was the oldest, he became sober, serious, and hardworking. His influence was challenged in the Committee of Public Safety itself, and the , which felt slighted by the General Police Bureau directed by Robespierre, , and , became even more hostile. Plus, Robespierre's began executing both friends and political opponents who tried persuading him to relax with the executions. From Rousseau, Robespierre adopted the Social Contract theory of government, which was later to be accepted by the Jacobins.
Some of his ideas crystallized during his period of law practice in Arras. In attacking the Mountain faction, the Girondists had also specifically attacked Robespierre as their leader. The two positions, however, are not inherently inconsistent. When the legislator can strike the citizen in so many sensitive places and in so many ways, why would he reduce himself to employing the death penalty? As the crisis of the new nation developed, he was forced to rethink his initial blanket dismissal and fashion a theory under which the times necessitate the use of capital punishment under a limited set of parameters. The two divisions have separate budgets, departments and different approaches to selling and training customers on the products. Did the Greek republics, where penalties were moderate and where the death penalty was either infinitely rare or absolutely unknown, offer more crime and less virtue than the countries governed by blood laws? There is every indication that had Robespierre lived, the numbers would have risen ever higher.
Doyle, William, The Oxford History of the French Revolution. Downfall and execution Opposition to Robespierre continued to grow. They are the sad testimony of the barbaric temerity of your penal laws. One might almost say that the Japanese want to dispute in ferocity the barbaric laws that outrage and irritate them. France was in turmoil, and with the aim of restoring order and reducing the danger of invasion from abroad, Robespierre, backed by the committee, proceeded to ruthlessly eliminate all whom he considered to be enemies of the Revolution, both extremists and moderates. Robespierre Gains Power Over time, Robespierre began to gain power in the new revolutionary government.
Committee of Public Safety: Created in April of 1793 and served as the executive government in France during the Reign of Terror. In this source McPhee studies Robespierre before and during the revolution using information about Robespierre from acquaintances and using numerous speeches and texts from Robespierre himself. Eventually, the people turned against him, and he was executed by guillotine in the Thermidorian Reaction. Before his appointment on July 27, 1793, to the Committee of Public Safety, Robespierre had held no other official position, despite his activity in the National Assembly 1789 to 1791 and his prominence in the Parisian Jacobin Club. Israel studies what he deems the Radical Enlightenment during the periods of revolutions for 1770s-1790s. As president of the Jacobin Club and then of the National Convention, he denounced the schemes of the Parisian radicals known as the , who were using the food shortage to stir up the Paris sections. Robespierre received his bachelor of law degree on July 31, 1780 and his license on May 15, 1781; he was admitted to the Paris bar three months later.
The French, for the most part, dislike his memory still more. Trial and Execution After a year of harsh rule by Robespierre, many of the revolutionary leaders had had enough of the Terror. In September of 1792, the Legislative Assembly was replaced by the National Convention and the monarchy was officially abolished. Me honest opinion I was not prepared at all for this project, seems like I was not. As the revolution started Robespierre eagerly joined.