Therefore, in order to reduce dissonance, one will avoid hearing opposing viewpoints or change their beliefs to match their actions. His theory specifically focuses on the nonverbal adjustments of rate of speech, pauses, and accent. Why is Standpoint Theory part of the class of theories called critical theories? Convergence is used more often by powerless individuals for social approval and focuses on matching the communication styles of the person with whom they are speaking to. I am Mary Christy B. Divergence is often used by groups with strong ethnic or racial pride. Social Learning Theory argues that people learn from each other through observing, imitating, and modeling the behaviors, attitudes, and emotional reactions of others.
Yet, using this approach, a set of questions can be devised that will help you gauge the rapport you have established with your. Niedzielski and Dennis Richard Preston, Folk Linguistics. Thus, analyzing the communication adaptation theory, we can come to a conclusion that all authors mentioned above addressed the original theory and used some of its principles in order to build their researches. American History X is one of the best movies to address the existence of racism in the most straight forward manner. Stereotypes - the more specific he negative images are of another group, the more likely it is that they will think of the other person as a part of that group rather than an individual 4. However, it does not explain for why people converse in divergent way.
While considering communication as a form of an array of events, the people judge its credibility by understanding the reliability of the narrative. In grooving global economy, the work of multicultural teams has a great significance for the success of the group performance. Due to the practice of slavery in the south, in my opinion, encouraged and developed racism towards African Americans, whom the southerners and others found inferior. The accommodation theory can also be applied in order to describe the aspects of the accommodation in public relations. The theory talks about, people wanting to portray their positive identity to others.
This typically occurs in highly cohesive groups who are more concerned with maintaining group unity than finding the best option. Social learning theory explains how human behavior can be shaped by continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive, behavioral, an environmental influences. The authors of the following articles have used the accommodation theory approach in order to build their researches. The fact that they are from the same area allows them to quickly mold their communication in conversation. The norms of this type of group, the group-solidarity, and the collectivist context also influenced how I would be perceived by the group.
As we have discovered, it was used by many scientists for their researches in different fields of science, thus, we cannot underestimate the meaning of the theory for exploration of communication. Derek was having a speech to the whole group about the new immigration and unfairness about the distribution on the resources towards whites and other ethics. It results in less trust to each other, dissatisfaction with job, more stressful situations, etc. Groups and organizations create rules and resources which are defined as structures. This theory highlights this unconscious adjustment and allows minorities to realize the injustice of society.
It is particularly important to minorities, whom are continuously adjusting to the mainstream. These guides are models in our daily lives that give an ideal of what development we should incorporate to understand those around us. For example, the media has primed us as to what constitutes a credible person. K in 53 spent only three weeks with her sister in Kentucky but was teased for her '' by her brother when she returned to Michigan. Communication also establishes social status as people tend to adopt the communication behavior of people who are higher in social status than theirs. By 1760, the number of Africans in the English mainland colonies had approximately a quarter of a million, and the vast majority of them lived in the south Text page 59. The basic principles that were used include the convergence and divergence in communication, intercultural approach to interaction and exploration of human behavior including non-verbal communication, such us change in voice correlation and speech style.
There are three types of divergence: 1 Counter-accommodation — direct ways of maximizing the differences between two speakers, 2 Under-accommodation maintenance — is the strategy of persisting in one original communication styles regardless of the communication behaviour of the other, and 3 Over-accommodation — demeaning or patronizing talk; excessive concern paid to vocal clarity or amplification, message simplification, or repetition Griffin, 2012. The reason for the majority to discard the argument is due to the vagueness and mystery in the story that he narrated. Some couples are divorcing because of irreconcilable differences. These questions are best asked during the and stages. The effect of converging towards or approximately to another can increase liking and enable him or her to be seen more competent and credible.
The communication adaptation theory explores the role of communication in our life. The Elaboration Likelihood Model looks at how attitudes are formed and changed. How have you presented yourself in the? Dramatism Dramatism states that life is drama. It suggests that no one person or thing is solely responsible for these advancements. Another method is divergence is used to emphasize differences between communicators Griffin, 2012, p. A Supporters of a dominant opinion are more willing to voice an opinion than those in the minority opinion.
In conclusion, slavery was an opportune labor force, and more beneficial economically. One reason is to seek approval from the listener. This was my expectation, knowing I would not fit in. Each individual situation and conversation requires a certain type of appropriate language. So when I first decided to be a youth leader, I was concerned with my social identity and my personal identity.