It has no set boundaries; rather it operates in different directions. Region 1 Health Director 1. These function activities must be preformed my all managers regardless of their industry level, title, or the task they have at hand. Control, Leadership, Management 816 Words 3 Pages The Four Functions of Management Abstract Managing an organization today, implements four different functions. In a decentralized organization, top management sets direction and strategy, while middle managers are tasked with making their own decisions to support corporate strategy. This chain of command allows the orderly progression up and down the hierarchy for decision making and decision-making communications. The manager wants to be someone who can encourage and motivate the personnel and not fear them into submission.
Organizing is the management function of assembling and coordinating human, financial, physical, informational, and other resources. If you notice the marketing campaign, for example, is not producing any new customers or leading to increased sales, you can re-tweak it to better attract customers. You are looking at the processes and ensuring they achieve the right things for the organization. The manager will need to identify different roles, delegate authority, assign work, and provide direction so that subordinates can work towards the plan without having barriers in their way. Ask any businessman and he would tell you that business is not a result of on the spot decisions and perfect awe striking ideas that come out of nowhere to take the newly emerged tycoon to success. Communication Line of authority and formal relationship become channel of communication.
We have multiple layers of management: 1. Assigning Work and Delegating Appropriate Authority 5. Adapting to such changes is pertinent for success. A manager at the senior level will be involved in different activities than the manager at the junior level. Organizing is one of the main functions which help to manage and plan available resources in organizations. This was seen in the example of the sports team; the coach had to determine which players would assume which positions and subsequent responsibilities. Functions of Management Four fundamental principles of management are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling.
The authority to accomplish a job is through the responsibility to accomplish the particular job. Hence, the principle of unity of command leads to effectively combine both physical and financial resources which in turn aids in effective coordination and organization. Image credit: I am a mother of a lovely kid, and an avid fan technology, computing and management related topics. Planning can be in the broadest view of the organization, for example organization mission, and can be in the narrowest, for example a tactic for achieving a specific goal. Planning takes into consideration prospective human and physical resources the organization has to effectively co-ordinate, contribute and adjust accordingly. All the four basic functions of management must be sound for the organization to succeed. .
Furthermore, it requires the whole organization to work together as the different departments or team plans need to link to each other and align with the organizational objective. The work of one department has to perfectly align and complement the work of the other. On Cleverism, you reach more than 4m high-performance active and passive job seekers a year. Each manager within an organization will have different roles and responsibilities-based on his or her position within the organization. It shows how current the present organisation structure is if there is a date on the organisation chart. Schein, Professional Education New York: McGraw-Hill, 1972 , pp. From these levels emerge the chain of command or hierarchy of decision-making levels, in the company.
The tasks and responsibilities of all individuals, departments, and major divisions gets clarified. The sixth and final step is the follow-up and control. Scholars have faced similar problems in their research, struggling to describe organizational functioning in other than static, highly aggregated terms. But, difficulties can arise because employees get separated department wise and hence from each other. Planning is the first step in management. For discussions of processes in the quality literature, see: H. All of these functions are what every conscientious manager does whether he or she knows it and have the same importance in creating excellent results.
Because the control process also includes setting performance standards for employees and continuously evaluating their job performances, Melissa will speak with each of her sales reps individually to review their performances. As a result of it, each manager makes decisions, solves problems and tackles the situation that ultimately leads to overall development in his personality. Organization resources should be used in a way to accomplish organizational goal or mission. Expanding organizations often locate plants and sales units or repair facilities in various parts of the country because of favourable labour and materials costs, tax incentives, easy access to transportation, or the need to be located near customers to serve them quickly and efficiently. As an alternative to job design, managers have five alternative approaches — job rotation, moving employees from one job to another , job enlargement giving employees more tasks to perform , job enrichment increasing the number of activities and also control over the job , job characteristics approach jobs diagnosed and improved along skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy and feedback , and work-teams to design the work systems. An employee will follow the directions of a manager because they have to, but an employee will voluntarily follow the directions of a leader because they believe in who he or she is as a person, what he or she stands for, and for the manner in which they are inspired by the leader. Everyone in the organization knows what to do.
Moreover there may emerge new relationships among groups of decision makers. To follow cost- leadership strategy the structure has to be stable and cost efficient. It is directed towards the achievement of aims and objectives through influencing the effort of others. Janis, Victims of Groupthink Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1972 ; L. Delegation is distributed through authority and delegation frees management from urgent tyranny. Organizing — Coordinating Activities and Resources Organizing can be defined as the process by which the established plans are moved closer to realization. For example, in a manufacturing organization, production of the goods and their selling are the major activities in addition to the routine activities.