Another major goal of the book is to devote comprehensive attention to major ethical issues that confront practitioners--such as confidentiality, informed consent, dual relationships, and competence to practice--and the ethical issues that practitioners experience in special settings. It then moves on to highlight the different points in a decision-making process where difficulties typically arise for practitioners who may confront problems with interpretation of ethical codes, lack of access to needed resources and supports, or who may find themselves bound by legal or organisational restrictions. However, if you follow a systematic model, you can be assured that you will be able to give a professional explanation for the course of action you chose. This is especially the case when the rights of one individual or group are balanced against another. Different Types of Ethics No discussion of ethics would be complete without acknowledging that counselors face confusing descriptions of various types of ethics. We may make ethical judgments, for example, based upon our own experience or based upon the nature of or principles of reason. This model is summarized below.
A client shows up for a session drunk. Below are the 10 steps in the Ethical Decision-Making… 2104 Words 9 Pages Section 4- Ethical decision making process: 1. . Such ethical divergences are even more pronounced for student counselors and when ethical concerns are value laden. They should also be aware of the possible consequences and their rights should the criteria not be met.
First and foremost, an ethical dilemma exists when two or more of the moral principles are in conflict or competition. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 31, 332-378. Because conflicts between personal and professional values can interfere with ethical decision making, a goal of counselor education must be helping students reconcile such conflicts. As indicated, the grouping criterion used for methodologies is whether or not they propose a hierarchy between ethical principles. Kitchener, and others, noted that decision makers needed to understand and consider the continuum of thinking, from absolutism dichotomous, rational, non-contextual to relativism multiple influenced, relational, contextual as they critically considered the facts at hand.
Counselors using this model would engage in culturally sensitive and competent interactions that were grounded in collaborative decision making and an awareness of virtue ethics. Ethics violations reflecting a violation of the professional boundary, which included both sexual and nonsexual dual relationships, accounted for 22. These cultural contingencies shape behavior, behavior that may or may not be acceptable or familiar to behavior analysts from another culture. For example, Peetz 2002 refers to relational methods as methods that employers employ as part of a three-pronged spectrum of decollectivist strategies. All individuals are a part of at least one culture. A Brief Orientation to Counseling: Professional Identity, History, and Standards Student ed.
However, missing information could be confusing to the client and could have repercussions for the counselor with the employer. School administrators indicate that there is a professional difference between men and women. For example, rarely is confidential information held in absolute secrecy; however, typically decisions about access by third parties to sensitive content should be contracted with clients. Our choices can affect the safety and well-being of the colleague and his or her patients. Knowing what we know now, would we have taken the same path or tried a different response? Also, releasing the information to relatives could be detrimental to Robin if it were something in the records she did not want anyone to know. They are divided into two groups: those that propose a hierarchy between ethical principles, and those do not propose any specific hierarchy between them. According to Bernard and Goodyear 1999 the first code of ethics that specifically addressed clinical supervision was passed in 1993 Supervision Interest Network, 1993.
Furthermore, trainees should be made aware of the limits of confidentiality at the beginning of the supervisory relationship so that he or she can make an informed decision about what might be appropriate to share in supervision. According to school administrators, the source of unethical behavior is inadequacy and being under pressure by many factors. As the population of the United States becomes increasingly diverse, considerable attention is being directed to a critical examination of the quality of services received by ethnic minority groups in areas such as education, employment, and health. References the new 2005 American Counseling Association Code of Ethics. Those exploring organization studies will find this two-volume collection extremely valuable as it contains robust contributions from highly-skilled authors who are actively researching in this field. The current model was designed to address these limitations. Weighing competing, nonmoral values and affirming the course of action; and 4.
Leaving the facility could lead her to continue her drug addiction. The next expected skill is that of an intellectual attitude to deal with the complexities of human interactions in a deliberate and systematic manner. Currently, ethnic minority groups make up one-fourth of the United States population. Qualitative analysis of the data yielded five themes: bureaucracy and resources, workforce, honesty, client welfare, and power differential. A face-to-face conversation with Robin regarding the test results allows the counselor to expand on any infallible information and educate Robin on the limitations of tests. These steps provide a framework which counselors may use to help with ethical dilemmas.
This paper reports on the results from two studies that were conducted eight years apart with different respondents. Issues and ethics in the helping professions 5th ed. Also offered are recommendations for future research. This article describes one counselor educator's experience teaching ethical decision making and the effects on student learning. There are two types of due process—substantive and procedural.
Background information related to teaching interdisciplinary ethics and use of case studies is presented. This survey of 787 Asian American and non-Asian American psychotherapists revealed that clinicians rely on mostly their personal policies and seldom focus on the clients' cultural backgrounds. This review will present a collaborative process of making ethical decisions when faced with the complex issues of imposed treatment, enforced feeding, use of coercive behavioural strategies and management of treatment resistance in light of existing theoretical and empirical literature in this area. For each step of the model, different types of simplification procedures are used in order to guide the decision-maker progressively toward a satisfactory solution. Determine the nature and dimensions of the dilemma Robin was entered into a rehabilitation facility for drug abuse. What alternative approaches can you create? Culturally aware assessment practices may allow behavior analysts to obtain important cultural information about clients in order to understand their worldviews.