All these are sufficient to prove that technological mechanisms are inadequate. More than that, primary healthcare needs to be augmented to provide emergency healthcare so that more and more lives can be saved. Cold waves: Cold waves are recurrent phenomenon in North India. Development organizations working in communities share a good rapport with the community, which helps the state in implementing its plans more effectively; village level plans prepared after the Super Cyclone in Orissa could be seen as an example of the same. In India, a closer analysis of what transforms a natural event into a human and economic disaster reveals that the fundamental problems of development that the country faces are the very same problems that contribute to its vulnerability to the catastrophic effects of natural hazards.
The Western region of the country is represented by the Thar Desert and the central India by the Deccan Plateau face recurring droughts due to acute shortage of rainfall. A welcome step in this direction was setting up of a High Powered Committee on Disaster Management in 1999, which submitted its report in 2001. Archived from on 29 October 2014. The role of administration does not end with end of disasters. Effective communication was crucial for effective coordination of rescue and relief operations. Another corner stone of the approach is that mitigation has to be multi-disciplinary spanning across all sectors of development.
The biggest quakes occur in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Kutch, Himachal and the North-East. Increased public awareness is necessary to ensure an organized and calm approach to disaster management. India, which has only two per cent the total geographical area, has to support 16 per cent of total world population. Rehabilitation is an integral part of disaster management. Disaster prevention, mitigation, preparedness and relief are four elements, which contribute to and gain from the implementation of sustainable development policies.
Floods in the Indo—Gangetic—Brahmaputra plains are an annual feature. There has also been a concerted effort on the part of the state to mainstream Disaster Mitigation initiatives in Rural Development schemes. Drought 1972 200 million people affected 11. The Yokohama Strategy, emanating from the international decade for natural disaster reduction in May 1994, emphasizes that disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness are better than disaster-response in achieving the goals and objectives of vulnerability reduction. A large number of toilets became non-functional as they were filled with silt, as houses were built at the foothills of the Himalayan Mountains. In some natural disasters like cyclones, tsunami and earthquake, it is the building structure which becomes the cause of destruction and death. Avalanche: Avalanches are river like speedy flow of snow or ice descending from the mountain tops.
India also faced the problem of Plague in Gujarat. It included data collection from the primary sources of the district collectorate, interviews with the district civil administration, health officials, and army officials who organized rescue operations, restoration of communication and transport, mass casualty management, and informal discussions with local residents. Though the weather authorities were aware of the developments from the 21st of November, they made no effort to assess how the cyclone would develop and warn the fishermen. Nature has several manifestations — benign as well as hostile. Materials and Methods: The approach used was both quantitative as well as qualitative. The recent efforts focus purely on natural disasters, whereas the current global situation also demands initiatives in managing the impact of unnatural disasters. On an average, a few hundred lives are lost, millions are rendered homeless and several hectares of crops are damaged every year.
Disaster management though does not avert or eliminate the threats; it focuses on formulating plans to decrease the effect of disasters. The army engineers had started rebuilding the collapsed bridges by the second day. There is a need to address specific local needs of vulnerable communities through local traditions and cultures. In brief, Disaster Management is being institutionalized into development planning. Article shared by Disaster is a very common phenomenon to the human society. Army Hospital, Leh converted its auditorium into a crisis expansion ward.
The other parts of the country dominated by deciduous forest are also damaged by fire up to an extent. By dawn, massive search operations were started with the help of civil authorities and local people. Factually incorrect information and a lack of communication in Kanyakumari made the situation worse. The major loss due to forest fire is caused to the environment which gets adversely affected by this calamity. This area is also prone to earthquakes. For example, in the state of Orissa in the aftermath of Super Cyclone in 1999, they provided immediate relief services to the affected families. But the drought is the deadliest disaster which accounts for 48 per cent of all deaths from natural disasters.
Flood and drought: The country receives an annual precipitation of 400 million — hectare meters. National Disaster Cell kept medical teams ready in Chandigarh in case they were required. The paper presents a firsthand description of a disaster and its prompt management. Bengal Cyclone 1864 60,000 4. India has been traditionally vulnerable to natural disasters on account of its unique geo-climatic conditions. This is the time when the actual emergency preparedness comes into effect by giving first aid to the injured ones, providing rescue and relief operations to the victims.
Though often caused by nature, disasters can have human origin as well such as major fire or leakage in a nuclear plant due to human negligence. Government cannot rely on normal procedures to implement appropriate responses- the rescue teams require learning special skills, technologies and attitudes in dealing with disasters. Approximately 68% of the area is susceptible to drought. Floods: About 30 million people are affected annually. The vast network of partner voluntary organizations provides the Government with a greater opportunity to implement Disaster Management plans at the grassroots level much more effectively. Specifically, it focuses on capacity building in dealing with mass casualty at local hospitals. They cause loss of life of both men and animals and properties as well.
Due to difficult accessibility, it took many hours to move casualties from the far-flung areas, worsening the crisis and rescue and relief operations. The food supplies took a further setback due to the unpredicted heavy downpour. There are standard protocols for mass casualty management, inventory of essential medicines and medical supplies, and training of the army personnel. Conclusion Disaster management has assumed great importance in recent times. Landslides occur in the hilly regions such as the Himalayas, North-East India, the Nilgiris, and Eastern and Western Ghats.