Another parliament, nay, even the present, may hereafter repeal the obligation, on the pretence of its being violently obtained, or unwisely granted; and, in that case, Where is our redress? Coupling this with the immense publicity and readership created by both the publishing dispute and the newspaper debates establishes Common Sense as an important stepping stone towards independence. The Heathens paid divine honours to their deceased kings, and the Christian World hath improved on the plan by doing the same to their living ones. As parents, we can have no joy, knowing that this government is not sufficiently lasting to ensure any thing which we may bequeath to posterity: And by a plain method of argument, as we are running the next generation into debt, we ought to do the work of it, otherwise we use them meanly and pitifully. Not long after publication, the spirit of Paine's argument found resonance in the American Declaration of Independence. A thousand motives will excite them thereto; the strength of one man is so unequal to his wants, and his mind so unfitted for perpetual solitude, that he is soon obliged to seek assistance and relief of another, who in his turn requires the same. The speech hath one good quality, which is, that it is not calculated to deceive, neither can we, even if we would, be deceived by it.
Thus necessity, like a gravitating power, would soon form our newly arrived emigrants into society, the reciprocal blessings of which would supercede, and render the obligations of law and government unnecessary while they remained perfectly just to each other; but as nothing but Heaven is impregnable to vice, it will unavoidably happen that in proportion as they surmount the first difficulties of emigration, which bound them together in a common cause, they will begin to relax in their duty and attachment to each other: and this remissness will point out the necessity of establishing some form of government to supply the defect of moral virtue. Wherefore I reprobate the phrase of parent or mother country applied to England only, as being false, selfish, narrow and ungenerous. With the increase of commerce England hath lost its spirit. And so uncertain is the fate of war and the temper of a nation, when nothing but personal matters are the ground of a quarrel, that Henry was taken in triumph from a prison to a palace, and Edward obliged to fly from a palace to a foreign land; yet, as sudden transitions of temper are seldom lasting, Henry in his turn was driven from the throne, and Edward re-called to succeed him. Paine often gets credit for more or less single-handedly galvanizing the reluctant colonists to commit to the war of independence. A new edition, with several additions in the body of the work.
Britain, being now an open enemy, extinguishes every other name and title: And to say that reconciliation is our duty, is truly farcical. By referring the matter from argument to arms, a new æra for politics is struck—a new method of thinking hath arisen. However, Robert Bell insisted that printing costs had eaten up all the profits from the first edition and that he owed Paine nothing. However, they still use the same basic techniques to making their feelings known, which include examining the problem, giving reasons for why it is a problem, and offering their opinion on the solution. Whatever was advanced by the advocates on either side of the question then, terminated in one and the same point, viz. Common sense is something that everyone is born with, you can be a genius or a fool but you still have it. In order to gain a clear and just idea of the design and end of government, let us suppose a small number of persons settled in some sequestered part of the earth, unconnected with the rest; they will then represent the first peopling of any country, or of the world.
Wherefore, on the breaking out of hostilities, it was not worth the while to have disputed a matter which time would have finally redressed, unless we meant to be in earnest: otherwise it is like wasting an estate on a suit at law, to regulate the trespasses of a tenant whose lease is just expiring. The plain truth is, that the antiquity of English monarchy will not bear looking into. Our present condition is, legislation without law; wisdom without a plan; a Constitution without a name; and, what is strangely astonishing, perfect independence, contending for dependence. But the Tumult soon subsides. Nothing can be more fallacious than this kind of argument. Even the distance at which the Almighty hath placed England and America is a strong and natural proof that the authority of the one over the other, was never the design of Heaven. And he will take your daughters to be confectionaries, and to be cooks, and to be bakers this describes the expense and luxury as well as the oppression of Kings and he will take your fields and your vineyards, and your olive yards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.
He does try to convince the readers of the necessity to solve the racial problems by following the principles of law, order, and common sense. As the exalting one man so greatly above the rest cannot be justified on the equal rights of nature, so neither can it be defended on the authority of scripture; for the will of the Almighty as declared by Gideon, and the prophet Samuel, expressly disapproves of government by Kings. When William the Conqueror subdued England, he gave them law at the point of the sword; and, until we consent that the seat of government in America be legally and authoritatively occupied, we shall be in danger of having it filled by some fortunate ruffian, who may treat us in the same manner, and then, where will be our freedom? Thomas Paine Common Sense Thomas Paine Maintaining the cause of America is in a great measure the cause of all mankind, Paine passionately argued for independence from Great Britain and the ability of the young country to prosper unfettered by the oppressive and economically draining English. It is the good fortune of many to live distant from the scene of present sorrow; the evil is not sufficiently brought to their doors to make them feel the precariousness with which all American property is possessed. Paine secured the assistance of the Bradford brothers, publishers of the , and released his new edition, featuring several appendices and additional writings.
Here then is the origin and rise of government; namely, a mode rendered necessary by the inability of moral virtue to govern the world; here too is the design and end of government, viz. It is easy getting into holes and corners and talking of reconciliation: But do such men seriously consider, how difficult the task is, and how dangerous it may prove, should the Continent divide thereon. In this state of natural liberty, society will be their first thought. Europe is too thickly planted with kingdoms to be long at peace, and whenever a war breaks out between England and any foreign power, the trade of America goes to ruin, because of her connection with Britain. Saul was by lot, yet the succession was not hereditary, neither does it appear from that transaction that there was any intention it ever should.
We may as well assert that because a child has thrived upon milk, that it is never to have meat, or that the first twenty years of our lives is to become a precedent for the next twenty. Thomas Paine wrote the famous revolutionary tract Common Sense Written at the outset of the Revolution, Common Sense became the leaven for the ferment of the times. Ricketson, Thomas Paine — Updated Edition Boston: G. But Britain is the parent country, say some. Where nature hath given the one, she hath withheld the other; to America only hath she been liberal to both. I shall neither copy their humility, nor disturb their devotion.
From Britain we can expect nothing but ruin. But it is the independance of this country of Britain, or any other, which is now the main and only object worthy of contention, and which, like all other truths discovered by necessity, will appear clear and stronger every day. No nation under Heaven hath such an advantage as this. Ye that dare oppose not only the tyranny but the tyrant, stand forth! Kings they had none, and it was held sinful to acknowledge any being under that title but the Lord of Hosts. This set off a month-long public debate between Bell and the still-anonymous Paine, conducted within the pages and advertisements of the Pennsylvania Evening Post, with each party charging the other with duplicity and fraud.