His first published work, Lettres persanes 1721; Persian letters , was a brilliant excursion into comparative politics, juxtaposing the laws and customs of Islamic and Christian societies. The book quickly rose to influence profoundly in Europe and America. And if the chance of one battle—that is, a particular cause—has brought a state to ruin, some general cause made it necessary for that state to perish from a single battle. He was also elected to the Academy of Bordeaux. The Persian Letters 1721 sparkled with wit and satirical irony, but hidden beneath its deft irreverence was a fierce and bitingly critical view of European civilization and manners. The cause was not the ambition of Caesar or Pompey, but the ambition of man.
In 1715 Montesquieu married Jeanne de Lartigue, a Protestant a member of the church that had left the rule of Roman Catholicism , who brought him a large dowry sum of money given in marriage. Their letters are notes on what they see in the West. Rome's failure to maintain these characteristics once it acquired an empire marked the beginning of its decline. Within this framework Montesquieu defined the basic types of government, identified the dominant virtues associated with each, and stated his most widely known concept of the balance of powers as the best means of establishing and preserving liberty. Barón de Montesquieu Charles-Louis de Secondat, barón de Montesquieu; La Brède, Burdeos, 1689 - París, 1755 Pensador francés.
Montesquieu's thought is discussed in Ernst Cassirer, The Philosophy of the Enlightenment 1951 ; John P. In 1728 Montesquieu embarked on a lengthy tour of and. Montesquieu believed that a government that was elected by the people was the best form of government. Charles Louis de Secondat was born on 18 January 1689 in the château of La Brède, the heir of a family lately come to Bordeaux, in the early 17 th century, but which had managed to adopt the causes and marry the daughters of the parlement of Guyenne. In 1715 he married Jeanne de Lartigue, a Protestant, who brought him a large dowry.
Desde que la Constitución de los Estados Unidos plasmó por escrito tales principios, la obra de Montesquieu ejerció una influencia decisiva sobre los liberales que protagonizaron de 1789 y la posterior construcción de regímenes constitucionales en toda Europa, convirtiéndose la separación de poderes en un dogma del derecho constitucional que ha llegado hasta nuestros días. Despite his family's wealth, de Decondat was placed in the care of a poor family during his childhood. Montesquieu sought to increase his knowledge by traveling through Europe. Since his mother was Barony of La Brede title, she bought it to her new Secondat family. Montesquieu left office and resigned from Parliament in 1775. Junto a este componente innovador, no puede olvidarse el carácter conservador de la monarquía limitada que proponía Montesquieu, en la que procuró salvaguardar el declinante poder de los grupos privilegiados como la nobleza, a la que él mismo pertenecía , aconsejando, por ejemplo, su representación exclusiva en una de las dos cámaras del Parlamento. His anonymously published in 1748, which was received well in both Great Britain and the American colonies, influenced the in drafting the.
Yet he also gave his Persians the weaknesses necessary to make his readers recognize in them their own weaknesses. However, Montesquieu's book On the Spirit of Laws, published in 1748, was his most famous work. It is from this interest that his greatest work, The Spirit of the Laws, developed. The trip there was a long one and staying there costly. The French jurist, satirist, and political and social philosopher Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu 1689-1755 , was the first of the great French men of letters associated with the Enlightenment. En El espíritu de las Leyes, Montesquieu elaboró una teoría sociológica del gobierno y del derecho, mostrando que la estructura de ambos depende de las condiciones en las que vive cada pueblo: en consecuencia, para crear un sistema político estable había que tener en cuenta el desarrollo económico del país, sus costumbres y tradiciones, e incluso los determinantes geográficos y climáticos.
Montesquieu's early works were concerned with what would now be termed biological investigations. Montesquieu endowed his travelers with the foreign, commonsense understanding necessary to effectively criticize European French customs and institutions, yet he also gave to his Persians the foibles and weaknesses necessary to make his readers recognize in them their own weaknesses. Montesquieu supported the Germanic nobiliary thesis rather than the Roman royalist thesis concerning the origins of the French monarchy. Though less well received than The Persian Letters--Voltaire referred to it as less a book than an ingenious table of contents--the work was less a history than an attempt to get behind history to the general secular causes of events. During this period he developed an intense dislike for the style of life of the capital, which he later expressed in his Persian Letters.
England already possessed the relatively separate branches of government that Montesquieu deemed necessary: a king, who was charged with enforcing laws, a representative Parliament, in charge of making the laws, and the judges of the English courts, who interpreted English law. Once in Paris, Montesquieu could afford to devote most of his time to reading and writing. As in his judicial career, Montesquieu was at first an active and even zealous academician, whose activity has been traced by Pierre Barrière p. His unsuccessful wars and attempts to dictate religion and culture had a bad effect on France. According to Montesquieu, Rome achieved greatness because of the martial virtues of its citizens and the flexibility of its institutions, which could be modified to correct political and social abuses.
In 1716 he inherited from his uncle the office of pr ésident à mortier deputy president in the Parlement of Bordeaux. Thus, the diversity of laws was viewed as natural and desirable. He also thought that women were weaker than men and that they had to obey the commands of their husband. The death of Jacques de Secondat on 15 November 1713 in any case recalled Charles to Guyenne. El pensamiento de Montesquieu debe enmarcarse en el espíritu crítico de la Ilustración francesa, con el que compartió los principios de tolerancia religiosa, aspiración a la libertad y denuncia de viejas instituciones inhumanas como la tortura o la esclavitud; pero Montesquieu se alejó del racionalismo abstracto y del método deductivo de otros filósofos ilustrados para buscar un conocimiento más concreto, empírico, relativista y escéptico.