Battle of marathon summary. Battle of Marathon: Summary, Facts & Map 2019-02-19

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Battle of Marathon by on Prezi

battle of marathon summary

There, they can see that the Athenian army has marched from Marathon, and is ready to oppose a second invasion. He wanted to subjugate the Greeks for what they had done. Some, unaware of the local terrain, ran towards the swamps where unknown numbers drowned. This is, by far, the most negative reading I have yet seen about the possible effects Persian rule over Greece would have had and one, I think, that is undoubtedly too negative. Lesson Summary The Battle of Marathon is widely considered by historians to be one of the most important battles in the ancient world, possibly even in history. Then, for reasons that are not clear, the Athenians decided to attack the Persians. The Spartans were in the middle of a religious festival but sent word that they would come to the aid of the Athenians as soon as it was completed.


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Book Review of Marathon: The Battle That Changed Western Civilization

battle of marathon summary

The Persians Land in Marathon The Persians set sail from Attica and from advice given to them from a rogue Athenian they landed at Marathon. War is still occurring Battle of Marathon is incredibly important because it proved that the Persians were not immortal. Even though fighting on home turf, the Greek force was still at a disadvantage. Nothing about Marathon is straightforward, and here too we simply do not know precisely how long the conflict at Marathon lasted. The formation of the Greek army was one with the central armed forces having soldiers in rank of 4 while the flanking forces had soldiers in rank of 8. The Battle of Marathon was the first invasion on Greece by the then mighty Persian Empire.

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History of the Original Classic Marathon

battle of marathon summary

This legendary run is the basis for the modern track and field event. Despite the fact that the Persians were the striking army, their fighting style was defensive. The papers deal not just with the battle itself, but also with the ancient village Athenian deme of Marathon. Pheidippides, the greatest runner of Athens, was sent to Sparta for help. The battle is therefore considered a defining moment in the development of European culture. Historians believe that if the Greeks had lost the Battle of Marathon to the Persians, it would have completely changed the development of western civilization.

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Battle of Marathon: Summary, Facts & Map

battle of marathon summary

The two armies battled on the Plains of Marathon, about 26 miles north of Athens. News of this defeat reached the troops at Artemisium, and Greek forces there retreated as well. There is no reason to believe that democracy would have been abolished by the Persians if they had managed to conquer Athens, for example. After the Athenian victory at the Battle of Marathon, Athens reached prosperous new heights. Democracy blossomed and became the foundation of western civilization.

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BATTLE OF MARATHON FACTS

battle of marathon summary

The Greek army was led by Leonidas, who was estimated to have had around 7,000 men. . The problem is that the Persian cavalry is superior; no infantry line can cross the open plain, because its rear will be exposed to attacks by Persian horsemen. The Greek army, by some accounts, ran into battle, frightening the Persian archers with their ferocity. Closing remarks To sum up, these five books are each interesting in their own way. Greatly outnumbered the Greek warriors would emerge victorious winning what many historians call one the most important battles in history. The question remains what caused the Persian commanders to send their horsemen away.

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Battle of Marathon

battle of marathon summary

During the commotion the Greeks managed to capture 7 Persian ships. The Ionian Revolt follows in chapter 3, as it must, since the support that Eretria and Athens lent to the rebels is the direct cause of the Battle of Marathon. Eschenburg made a short dig and was able to corroborate the statement. All this was evidently much to the surprise of the Persians. Athenian generals had different views.

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Herodotos, bk 6, logos 19

battle of marathon summary

This offended the proud Greeks greatly; the Athenians went so far as to toss the Persian heralds into a pit, while the Spartans followed suit and tossed them into a well. Moving south, the Persians landed near Marathon, approximately 25 miles north of Athens. The Greeks had a tactical advantage in terms that their armor was far superior to the lightly armored Persian infantry and hence, it was devastating for the Persians. They were joined by 1,000 Plataeans and assistance was requested from Sparta. Under the King Darius the Great, the vast Persian Empire experienced a number of revolts from the peoples they had subjugated.

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Battle of Marathon in the Persian Wars

battle of marathon summary

At the same time the runner Pheidippides is dispatched to ; three days later, he returns after covering some 450 kilometer! By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use Privacy Policy. Herodotus must have thought that this was not a fitting end for the man who had saved Greece from Persian rule: he ends this logos with a story of a more glorious achievement, Miltiades capture of Lemnos, several years before. Persian forces were led by Datis and Artaphernes. Moving a brisk pace, possibly a run, the Greeks advanced across the plain towards the Persian camp. Persians outnumbered the Athenian Army 4:1, a huge advantage. The Background of the Battle In the years leading up to the war between the Persian Wars, the Persian Empire had rapidly expanded across the Mediterranean. Athenians saw the Persians making a move and decided to go for a tactical offensive by attacking the Persians.


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