If you want to include a quote word by word, you frame these words in quotation marks and refer to the original source in brackets. Do not highlight text in your paper. The main purpose of this part is to provide brief information about the paper and the issues addressed in it. If there are two authors, separate the authors' names with and. If you doubt it, consult your professor on the issue. You should use a clear font that is highly readable.
Please note that, for clarity, the font size is slightly larger than the recommended 12 pt. The top will include the aforementioned page header. For further assistance with creating a reference list, bibliography generator and in-text citation maker websites and are really helpful. Furthermore, you can also check out these that you might also find useful. We are currently crowdsourcing submissions via an academic, peer-review process see.
See page 23-24 of the manual for more information. If there are three or more authors, separate the authors' names with commas and use and before the last author's name. It is advisable to include the abstract when dealing with a relatively long paper that has many sections and runs over eight pages long. So, we will try to break all of these rules down into a set of simpler requirements. The institutional affiliation should be the location where the research was conducted, most often a college or university. You may also include possible implications of your research and future work you see connected with your findings. The Changing Face of Police Leadership.
A source from a periodical In all of the examples above, you might have noticed that the title of the book is always in italics. Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases. When working on a shorter assignment, you can usually skip that. For these instances, only include two affiliations if both schools offered substantial support to the research and only list two affiliations for every author. Here is how the formatting will look in such a case: Ashcroft, J.
Most of the time, though, you will be referring to online material - after all, how many of us frequent the library these days? Complete it by listing your keywords. However, proper academic formatting implies a little bit more than fonts and spacing, so let's take a closer look at the details. Founded in 2008 by , Writing Commons is a viable alternative to expensive writing textbooks. This should refer to the organization for which you are writing the paper. The author and the publication year are separated by commas. First, write the title of your paper.
The abstract should follow the title page. However, the when referring to an article from a journal or any other periodical, though, the title of the actual article will remain regular. Three or more authors: Batts, Smoot, Scrivner, 2012 — for the first time you refer to this source; Batt et al. The reference lines should be double-spaced and the second and subsequent lines for each reference should be indented half an inch from the left margin of your paper. The title page is crucial among what you need to know because it is your first line of defense or impression. It must be right aligned. If you refer to a particular study but use your own words, you still need to mention the writer's last name and the year of publication in brackets.
There are two possible ways to approach this matter. Writing Commons, , helps students improve their writing, critical thinking, and information literacy. After the title, the next line should contain your name. Under your name, type the name of your academic institution or research organization. The Police Chief, 73, 4. .
Examples: A book with an author Sheppard, L. How Supervisory Styles Influence Officer Behavior. Please note, steps may vary depending on the word processor you are using. In this case, second and all following lines are indented. What should you do if you were not affiliated with an academic institution when the research was conducted? A source without a publication date Blacksmith, J. A reader browsing through paper titles in an online database should be able to quickly read your title and know exactly what your paper is about.