He was totally dedicated to architecture, which for him was a totality of many arts. Casa Mil à, also known as La Pedrera 1906 - 1912 Source: Provença, 261-265, 08008 Barcelona, Spain was the last private residence designed by Antoni Gaudí. The openness of the interior was created by columns based on branching trees. Gaudí worked almost entirely in or near. In this post I have chosen another innovator that made a very deep personal impression on me, one often forgotten by the modern innovation authors … Antoni Gaudi.
A unique façade Casa Batlló is a proclamation of joy, a canvas of marine inspiration, a dream world that evokes nature and fantasy. To him, form and function were intertwined in governing nature. Casa Batlló is the only example in the world whose strong symbolism and character creates a magical tale beyond Modernism, poetry, and art. It consists of a castle, a church, and a stately mansion. In the 1950s and later, his work became more recognized and was championed by Salvador Dali and others. As an architectural student, he did not shine, but exceeded himself with genius ideas. He was commissioned to build this church as early as 1883, but he did not live to see it finished.
He used scale models to experiment with shapes and structures. On the other hand, his name could seem ironic to others, as it is known that he suffered from Rheumatism since childhood, was colour blind- when colour plays such a central role to artists and even his own work, and he was a serious, pious and solitary man. Among the primary elements of his system were piers and columns that tilt to transmit diagonal thrusts, and thin-shell, laminated tile vaults that exert very little thrust. No pictures or essay can truly captivate the miniscule detail, labour and indeed the imagination and life of the architect. There is an explanation for everything he did.
Some say he had his own style. Buildings such as la Pedrera, with an undulating façade, look more like waves or a sculpture of a normal building from under water. Unfortunately he would never live to see it finished. His originality, creativity and ability to innovate have made Gaudí a universal figure in architecture. One could caracterize his work by an oriental, mauresc and gothic influence, an effort in plan design, a renewal in structure design, an overwhelming inspiration of organic nature animals and plants. The serpent is clad in a tile mosaic in which Gaudi incorporated themes of Catalan nationalism, religious mysticism, and ancient poetry.
In 2005, Casa Vicens and Casa Batlló, in Barcelona, and the crypt at Colònia Güell, in Santa Coloma de Cervelló, were added to the list. Furthermore, Gaudí was also the architect for several projects in Catalonia such as the warehouse at the Mataró Workers Cooperative Mataró and the crypt at Colònia Güell Santa Coloma de Cervelló ; and in Spain, such as El Capricho Comillas, Cantabria , the Episcopal Palace of Astorga and Casa Botines Castile and León. On top of that, square tiles would have been too expensive. At the same time, the Bible and the liturgy were also a great source of inspiration to the architect, which can be seen clearly in the Temple of the Sagrada Família. Next, Gaudí experimented with the possibilities of historic styles: the Gothic in the Episcopal Palace, Astorga 1887—93 , and the Casa de los Botines, 1892—94 ; and the Baroque in the Casa Calvet at Barcelona 1898—1904. At Parc Güell, a gigantic platform where serpentine benches stretch the entire upper park area are supported by diagonally and sporadically placed vine-winding tree-like structures and beautiful curvaceous pillars displaying the most exquisite detail. This work looks like a little faiytale Medieval castle, a type of construction easily found in some Central European, or Baltic countries.
Indeed, these two pavilions, with their white undulating roofs sprinkled with color, remind one of gingerbread houses. Gaudí is buried in the chapel of Our Lady of Carmel, in the Temple crypt. The Sagrada Familia is still under construction. He also indentified with the current modes of architecture, beginning with the Gothic Revival and the works of Viollet-le-Duc, and later moving towards Modernisme, a cultural movement that sought out a national identity for the people of Catalonia. Summary … Gaudi exemplifies the inspirational innovator.
Catalan Modernism in architecture paved the way for other artistic cultures like Surrealism and Cubism to also take off in Barcelona. He found it was cheaper to use broken tiles from the ceramics fabrics, with the benefit that could be a better fit for his designs. I have a thing for contrast. His funeral procession, which passed through most of Barcelona and ended up at the Sagrada Família, was a grand event with people turning out to say their goodbyes to the man who was, and still is, the greatest architect Barcelona has ever seen. When completed it will be the tallest church in the world.
As a student, Gaudi failed on a Design project because he was unable to draft plans of just a gate. They ranged from stone to ceramics to tiles, from wrought iron to glass and bricks. The religious symbol of the Renaixensa in Barcelona was the , a project that was to occupy Gaudí throughout his entire career. See also the highly resistant shell structures. Gaudi was a diligent observer of nature and translated this information into his use of ruled geometric forms, the hyperbolic paraboloid, hyperboloid and the helicoids forms found in nature in his architecture. Who wouldn´t like to live in a building that reminds you of waterfalls, streaming rays of light from the sun and organic textures? Gaudí's significance in the world of architecture is such that the maestro Catalan is studied by architects worldwide.
Without this deep technical knowledge, Gaudi would have been unable to have his structures built to his vision. Gaudi also had a deep understanding of materials and techniques such as sculpture, wrought ironwork, stained glass, ceramics, plaster modeling and the use of iron and reinforced concrete. It was cheaper to use broken tiles from the ceramics fabrics. Three characteristics that make his work unlike any other are his architectural support techniques, the forms the buildings and constructions have due to that, and the outer aesthetic decoration. Casa Botines 1891 - 1892 León, Spain Source: , Wikimedia Commons, Licencia is better known as Casa de Botines.
His house in Park Güell was opened to the public as Gaudí House Museum in 1963. Its style is identified in the exertion of curved lines, asymmetry, energetic forms, plant motifs and an assimilation of the functional and aesthetic; incorporating the use of new materials and traditional components. He inclined the columns so they could better resist the perpendicular pressures on their section. Entertainment designers find inspiration in many other fields besides their own: architecture, science, art, and music are all fair game. I also wanted to create something that would appeal to both men and women and circles seemed like a sensible choice for the design. Reus, 25 June 1852 — Barcelona, 10 June 1926 Ahead of his time, unique. It was going to be built in Tánger, Morocco for the Franciscan Order.