Section 218c Violation of medical duties in connection with an abortion 1 Whosoever terminates a pregnancy 1. Moreover, the staff of the forensic ambulance service mentioned in section 203 1 Nos 1, 2 and 5 shall disclose such secrets to the supervising authority and the court, if in their opinion 1. Section 68f Supervision after serving full sentence 1 If a single or aggregate sentence of imprisonment of not less than two years has been imposed for intentional offences, or not less than one year for an offence listed in section 181b, has been fully served, supervision shall commence upon the release of the convicted person. Children between the ages of 10 and 14 can only be held criminally responsible for murder or rape. Section 250 Aggravated robbery 1 The penalty shall be imprisonment of not less than three years if 1. Section 70a Order suspending professional disqualification 1 If, after a disqualification order has been made, there is reason to believe that there is no longer a danger that the offender will commit serious unlawful acts of the kind mentioned in section 70 1 the court may suspend the order for a probationary operational period.
Section 305a Destruction of important equipment etc 1 Whosoever unlawfully destroys, in whole or in part: 1. Doli incapax was abolished in England and Wales in 1998, but persists in other common law jurisdictions. The court may order a discharge under section 218 if the pregnant woman was in exceptional distress at the time of the operation. Section 190 Proof of truth by criminal judgment If the asserted or disseminated fact is an offence proof of the truth thereof shall be provided if a final conviction for the act has been entered against the person insulted. The age of criminal responsibility is 10 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland; 12 in Canada and the Netherlands; 13 in France; 14 in Germany, Austria, Italy, Japan and Russia, and 16 in Spain and Portugal. . Section 130 Incitement to hatred 1 Whosoever, in a manner capable of disturbing the public peace 1.
In all other cases the supervision shall be stayed for the time a person serves a sentence of imprisonment or a custodial measure. A person aged 10 to 14 cannot be held criminally responsible for an act or omission unless it is proved at the time of the act or making the omission, he or she had capacity to know that he or she ought not to do the act or make the omission. A suspension shall not be ordered if the person is to serve a sentence of imprisonment imposed at the same time as the measure and which has not been suspended. Section 241a Causing the danger of political persecution by informing on a person 1 Whosoever through a criminal complaint or by informing on a person exposes him to the danger of being persecuted for political reasons and, in violation of the principles of the rule of law, to suffering harm to life and limb through violence or arbitrary measures, to be deprived of his freedom or to be seriously prejudiced in his professional or financial circumstances shall be liable to imprisonment not exceeding five years or a fine. In cases under section 275, also in conjunction with section 276a, the means of falsification indicated therein shall be subject to a deprivation order.
Section 345 Enforcing penal sanctions against innocent persons 1 Whosoever as a public official involved in the enforcement of a sentence of imprisonment, a custodial measure of rehabilitation and incapacitation or detention by a public authority enforces such a sentence, measure or detention although it may not by law be enforced shall be liable to imprisonment from one to ten years, in less serious cases to imprisonment from three months to five years. This can only happen if the criminal is under the age of 18. In making its decision, the court shall particularly take into account any efforts by the convicted person to make restitution for the harm caused by the offence. Section 79a Stay of limitation The limitation period shall be stayed 1. A child older than 10 but younger than 14 can only be held criminally responsible if he or she had the capacity to know that he ought not to do the relevant act or make the relevant omission. Albania and Iceland have the same age of consent as criminal responsibility 14 and 15 respectively. Hence, it might be considered unfair to treat young children in the same way as adults.
The prosecution shall be barred by limitation once twice the statutory limitation period has elapsed since the time indicated in section 78a, or three years if the limitation period is shorter than three years. Unsourced material may be challenged and. Section 245 Supervision order In cases under sections 242 to 244a the court may make a supervision order section 68 1. It may give him instructions concerning his functions under subsection 3 above. Section 187 Intentional defamation Whosoever intentionally and knowingly asserts or disseminates an untrue fact related to another person, which may defame him or negatively affect public opinion about him or endanger his creditworthiness shall be liable to imprisonment not exceeding two years or a fine, and, if the act was committed publicly, in a meeting or through dissemination of written materials section 11 3 to imprisonment not exceeding five years or a fine.
Section 241 Threatening the commission of a felony 1 Whosoever threatens a person with the commission of a felony against him or a person close to him shall be liable to imprisonment not exceeding one year or a fine. Section 56f 3 1st sentence shall apply. This shall also apply if the offender mistakenly assumes that the official act is lawful. The court shall make the order if a comprehensive evaluation of the prisoner, his offences and also his development until the date of the decision indicate that he is likely to commit serious offences resulting in serious emotional trauma or physical injury to the victims. Section 254 repealed Section 255 Blackmail and use of force or threats against life or limb If the blackmail is committed by using force against a person or threats of imminent danger to life or limb the offender shall be liable to the same penalty as a robber. If a person acts on the basis of a similar commission for an agency performing public administrative services, the first sentence shall apply mutatis mutandis.
Section 21 Diminished responsibility If the capacity of the offender to appreciate the unlawfulness of his actions or to act in accordance with any such appreciation is substantially diminished at the time of the commission of the offence due to one of the reasons indicated in section 20, the sentence may be mitigated pursuant to section 49 1. Section 108c Ancillary measures In addition to a sentence of imprisonment of at least six months for an offence pursuant to section 107, section 107a, section 108 or section 108b the court may order the loss of the ability to hold public office, to vote and be elected in public elections section 45 2 and 5. Section 180a Exploitation of prostitutes 1 Whosoever on a commercial basis maintains or manages an operation in which persons engage in prostitution and in which they are held in personal or financial dependency shall be liable to imprisonment not exceeding three years or a fine. Section 34 Necessity A person who, faced with an imminent danger to life, limb, freedom, honour, property or another legal interest which cannot otherwise be averted, commits an act to avert the danger from himself or another, does not act unlawfully, if, upon weighing the con icting interests, in particular the affected legal interests and the degree of the danger facing them, the protected interest substantially outweighs the one interfered with. Lawrence Lee, solicitor There were also 66 sexual offences, including a number of sexual assaults on children under 13. If a result constituting an element of the offence occurs later, the limitation period shall commence to run from that time. Section 47 Short terms of imprisonment as the exception 1 The court shall not impose a term of imprisonment of less than six months unless special circumstances exist, either in the offence or the person of the offender, that strictly require the imposition of imprisonment either for the purpose of reform of the offender or for reasons of general deterrence.
If the offence relates to an organisation outside the member states of the European Union, this shall not apply unless the offence was committed by way of an activity exercised within the Federal Republic of Germany or if the offender or the victim is a German or is found within Germany. Section 329 Endangering protected areas 1 Whosoever contrary to an ordinance enacted on the basis of the Federal Emission Control Act relating to an area which requires special protection against harmful environmental effects of air pollution or noise or in which a great increase in harmful environmental effects can be expected during periods of thermal inversion, operates facilities within the area shall be liable to imprisonment not exceeding three years or a fine. The revocation may only be declared within one year after the expiration of the operational period and six months after the new judgment has become final. If a child is nine or under, he or she cannot be charged with an offence but there are calls for the age of criminal responsibility to be lowered. Section 286 Confiscatory expropriation order, extended confiscation and deprivation orders 1 In cases under section 284 3 No 2, section 43a and section 73d shall apply. Section 183 Exhibitionism 1 A man who annoys another person by an exhibitionist act shall be liable to imprisonment not exceeding one year or a fine. No person can be tried for an offence committed while under the age of 14, and any case involving a person under that age must be dealt with by the Centre for Social Welfare.
This profile presents information and evidence on the minimum age of criminal responsibility in the Republic of Ireland. In less serious cases the penalty shall be imprisonment of not more than five years or a fine. Section 59b Order for deferred sentence to take effect 1 Section 56f shall apply mutatis mutandis to the order for the deferred sentence to take effect. If the victim leaves neither a spouse, same sex partner nor children or if they have died before the expiry of the time limit for filing the request, the right to file the request passes to his parents and, if they have died before the expiry of the time limit for filing the request, to his siblings and grandchildren. Section 108a Deceiving voters 1 Whosoever through deception causes another to be mistaken as to the content of his declaration upon casting his vote or to vote against his will or invalidly, shall be liable to imprisonment not exceeding two years or a fine. If the above orders fail to work and the child continues to regularly break the law, the court may consider having the child taken into care.
No child under the age of 12 on the day that an alleged offence was committed can be held criminally liable. In cases pursuant to No 2 above the operational period must not be prolonged for more than one-half of the originally imposed period. This shall not apply if and to the extent that the offender could be expected under the circumstances to accept the danger, in particular, because he himself had caused the danger, or was under a special legal obligation to do so; the sentence may be mitigated pursuant to section 49 1 unless the offender was required to accept the danger because of a special legal obligation to do so. Section 108e Bribing delegates 1 Whosoever undertakes to buy or sell a vote for an election or ballot in the European Parliament or in a parliament of the Federation, the member states, municipalities or municipal associations, shall be liable to imprisonment not exceeding five years or a fine. Section 67g shall apply mutatis mutandis. The court shall also make such an order in addition to the confiscation of an object to the extent that its value falls short of the value of what was originally obtained. Section 314a Preventing completion of the offence 1 The court in its discretion may mitigate the sentence section 49 2 in cases under section 307 2 and section 309 2 if the offender voluntarily gives up the further commission of the offence or otherwise averts the danger.